One of the best models of the truth behind the theory of chaos is that of the atom. Atoms are always spinning about in a frenetic manner. I guess at this level it would be called quantum chaos.
If you lived in its universe, you would see nothing but chaos. However, when you step out, you see that atoms make up molecules, and molecules make matter, and matter makes things that we see as “ordered” structure. I think this is one example that chaos theory works, at least in physics.
I can certainly see how the analogy could extend to creativity and the conscious mind, which is like the atom, also spinning about, except with ideas.