What is the Pathophysiology of Diabetes?

Vanessa Harvey

The pathophysiology of diabetes refers to the changes relating to or associated with the disease diabetes. It is also the study of the manifestations of diabetes and the abnormalities resulting from physical and biological disturbances caused by the disease. The pathophysiology of diabetes does not explain any treatments of any form or type of diabetes, nor does it deal with a possible cure for the disorder; rather, it focuses on the signs and symptoms that arise in the sufferers of the disease. Whenever disease develops in the body or the body is traumatized in any way, there is almost always the risk of normal bodily functions being disrupted in some way. A layman's definition of the pathophysiology of diabetes is simply the study of all of the things that can go wrong in the body of someone who has the disease.

Conclusions made through pathophysiology of diabetes may lead to effective treatment.
Conclusions made through pathophysiology of diabetes may lead to effective treatment.

Among the topics that are covered by the pathophysiology of diabetes are disorders in insulin production, changes in blood glucose levels, insulin resistance and how carbohydrates are metabolized. The pathophysiology of diabetes deals with short- and long-term complications, so even organs and systems that appear to be totally unrelated to the disease are studied. For example, diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the levels of blood sugar are higher than normal because of the body's insufficient production of the hormone insulin. Pathophysiology of diabetes, however, considers complications that can and often do arise with organs that are not involved with the production or regulation of insulin.

Exercise therapy can be used to help diabetics maintain low blood glucose levels.
Exercise therapy can be used to help diabetics maintain low blood glucose levels.

Diminished vision ultimately leading to a complete loss of a diabetic's eyesight is taken into account. Wounds that heal poorly or slowly because of diminished circulation caused by atherosclerotic plaque buildup in the blood vessels, reduced kidney function or failure, reduced digestion and even problems with maintaining a normal blood pressure are all changes that are investigated in the study of the complications caused by diabetes. Knowledge of anatomy and physiology are essential to understanding the pathophysiology of diabetes or of any disease or trauma of a particular part or organ of the body.

People with diabetes don't produce enough insulin to properly regulate the body's absorption of glucose.
People with diabetes don't produce enough insulin to properly regulate the body's absorption of glucose.

Although the subject does not encompass treatment of the disease or finding or verifying proposed cures, health care providers, nutritionists and practitioners of alternative medicine find the conclusions of the pathophysiology of diabetes to be of great value. If the complications of a disease or injury are not understood or known, it is generally impossible to provide necessary treatment, support and the information needed to investigate a possible cure. The pathophysiology of specific diseases and of trauma is studied by various healthcare providers, such as medical doctors, pathologists and nurses.

Diabetes can cause some laboratory findings to appear unusual.
Diabetes can cause some laboratory findings to appear unusual.
Sugar consumption spurs the pancreas to generate an abnormal amount of insulin.
Sugar consumption spurs the pancreas to generate an abnormal amount of insulin.
Changes in blood glucose levels may cause diabetic patients to experience fatigue.
Changes in blood glucose levels may cause diabetic patients to experience fatigue.

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Discussion Comments

anon945163

Big pharma makes untold billions from diabetic supplies/meds. If there is a total cure, which I believe there is, it will be bought out or squelched by those who worship money and quickly hidden from public view. Why we allow this and like things to happen is very curious.

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