What Is Resource Distribution?

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  • Written By: Malcolm Tatum
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 09 November 2019
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Resource distribution is the responsible allocation of various types of resources throughout an organization. The approach can be applied to the operation of just about any size business as well as the function of a national, state, or provincial government. In each scenario, the goal is to develop the most prudent approach to utilizing resources such as water, land, minerals, and wealth to benefit all parties concerned.

As it relates to business, resource distribution can aid in allocating resources in a manner that helps to increase the profitability of the business. This is often accomplished by making use of resources in a manner that helps to eliminate waste and accomplish key tasks with the greatest degree of efficiency possible. In order to achieve this balance, companies may choose to centralize certain functions at specific geographic localities, provide applicable technologies for the accomplishment of those tasks, and make the best use of local resources to support the overall function of the business within that community.


The general idea of resource distribution often focuses on importing goods and services that are desirable but are not readily available in the area. At the same time, goods and services that are produced locally and are of value for other locations are exported. This exchange helps to enhance the standard of living for both those who receive goods into an area and those who are the recipients of goods that are shipped from the area. Many nations impose specific international trade regulations that help to create and maintain a balance between imports and exports, which helps to minimize the potential for an imbalance in trading to adversely affect one or both parties involved in the purchase and sale of different goods and services.

In terms of governmental resource distribution, the process typically calls for making use of available resources to provide some balance in the economy that ultimately benefits everyone. This means that government programs may be implemented to guide in the use of natural resources as well as allocated funds that help to stabilize local economies and create jobs for people living in those areas. With initiatives of this type, the goal is normally to improve the circumstances of depressed areas by using resources obtained from other locations that have an overabundance of those same resources. As a result of the government’s efforts to achieve an equitable resource distribution, a greater number of citizens have the opportunity to enjoy a higher standard of living without having to move to new communities.


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