Food management is a broad process that involves the proper oversight of food selection, preparation, presentation, and preservation. The food service industry relies heavily on a number of different managers to supervise each aspect of the process to ensure the quality, taste, and safety of any food served or sold to the general public is healthy and in compliance with local standards. Because of the broad range of tasks involved with food management, there are many different career options for anyone who is interested in working with food of any type.
When many people think of food management, their minds immediately turn to the food service industry. Essentially, food service seeks to make sure that any food sold to businesses or individual consumers meet strict quality regulations. Within this capacity, food inspectors may be responsible for making sure preparation facilities are clean and free of contamination, as well as make sure that both raw and packaged foods are stored in an area that is safe and at the proper temperature as they await shipment to customers.
Food service inspectors labor in food processing plants to ensure all packaged foods are prepared according to standards and are readied for shipment in a manner that will keep the food fresh all the way to its destination. Upon delivery, other inspectors will go through the delivered foods and make sure there was no damage during transport that could impact the quality and freshness of the food.
The process of food management continues with the preparation of meals that are served to the general public. An expert food manager will know how to organize a commercial kitchen to best advantage, how to store foods properly, and how to determine if food is not fresh enough to use in the preparation of any recipe. A manager in this capacity may be a chef at a local restaurant, or be a member of the hospitality management team at a hotel. To a degree all members of the kitchen staff are also considered part of the food management team, as they work closely with the food and the preparation of menu items.
Along with hotel and restaurant jobs, food management also involves making sure that food past its prime is not sold in supermarkets. Many packaged foods today are stamped with a date that indicates when the product should be used by. It is not unusual for manufacturers of items such as packaged cereals to routinely send quality inspectors around to make sure their items do not remain on supermarket shelves past those dates. Doing so helps to ensure that consumers have access to packaged food that is at its best in terms of freshness and taste.
Anyone who works with food can be said to engage in the task of food management. Even in the home, people who are tasked with preparing meals will evaluate the quality of food on hand, discard items that are no longer fresh, and seek to prepare meals that are tasty as well as visually appealing. In addition to minimizing the risks associated with consuming foods that are past their prime, the attention to the actual preparation and presentation also help to make consumption a more pleasant experience.