What does a Freelance Proofreader do?

Article Details
  • Written By: Cassie L. Damewood
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 04 November 2019
  • Copyright Protected:
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
Horses are responsible for more human deaths in Australia than all of the nation's venomous creatures put together.  more...

December 8 ,  1965 :  Pope Paul VI promulgated Vatican II into ecumenical law.  more...

A freelance proofreader reviews written materials and makes corrections to the text. She may proofread legal documents, reports, court transcripts or news copy. A considerable number of proofreaders review fiction and non-fiction books, plays and scripts as well. As a freelancer, she commonly works at a home office or in a personally leased office in a building.

There are generally three types of proofreading projects, including format, comparison and content work. A freelance proofreader may provide all three types of service or specialize in one. Some projects require a combination of proofreading services and others necessitate only one type of review.

Format proofreading concerns the actual physical appearance of text. It normally applies to documents such as business letters, essays, scripts and reports. The main points of concern usually include consistency in paragraph size, margins and spacing. In some cases, outline formats and footnotes are checked for accuracy in form and syntax.

If she is comparison proofreading, the reviewer typically has two documents to scrutinize, the original and the draft. In this case, each character, punctuation mark and word in the two documents must be compared to assure they are identical. The original document is frequently handwritten or a typed copy with handwritten notes incorporated on each page.


Content proofreading is generally considered the most labor intensive. For these types of jobs, the freelance proofreader is customarily required to edit technical content as well as facts or the flow of the text. As she reads the work, she is generally expected to correct spelling, sentence structure, punctuation and consistency in terminology. Concurrent with making these technical edits, she is normally required to make sure the text is accurate if it is a non-fiction work that deals with irrefutable subjects, such as science or math. If it is fiction, her job is to ensure the thoughts and images in the text are logically arranged and project a coherent procession of events to the reader.

Aside from having an excellent command of language and in-depth knowledge of punctuation and grammar, a freelance proofreader is commonly required to have a good knowledge of word processing, editing and proofreading software. While some proofreading jobs still involve hard-copy documents, the majority of jobs are presented on CDs or submitted for review via e-mail. A number of proofreading software programs also offer interactive features that enable the author and proofreader to simultaneously view and edit the same document.

A high school diploma or equivalent is a normal educational requirement for a freelance proofreader. Most employers prefer a bachelor’s degree in language arts or journalism. Jobs in technical fields generally require familiarity with specific terms and vernaculars. A proofreading test is frequently part of the job application process.


You might also Like


Discuss this Article

Post 4

The other issue with freelance proofreading, or all freelance writing work really, is that the proofreader is considered a contractor (self-employed). So there are a lot of taxes involved. I'm a freelance proofreader and 1/6th or 1/7th of my monthly income goes to taxes. It's ridiculous. I'm looking for regular employment for this reason.

It's unfortunate, because I love proofreading. I like working from home and on my own time. I like reading and fixing grammar and spelling mistakes come naturally to me. I just wish that freelance writers and proofreaders had more friendly working conditions in terms of pay and tax requirements.

Post 3

@SteamLouis-- Sometimes, websites advertise for freelance proofreading job vacancies. Other times, people go on websites that help bring employers and freelancers together. I'm not too fond with the latter method because freelancers have to bid for a price. The person with the best experience and lowest price usually gets the job. It's difficult for beginners to start out because there are rating systems and since the beginner has no rating, it's difficult to get work. Moreover, when that job is done, you have to look for another one. So there is no continuous work that is just handed to you.

Aside from these issues, if you can work on your own and meet deadlines without someone supervising you, you can definitely be a freelance proofreader.

Post 2

It sounds like I can easily be a freelance proofreader. I have a bachelor's degree in English, so I'm already equipped to be a good proofreader. What do I need to do to get freelance proofreading jobs?

Post 1

For those looking to become freelance proofreaders, the Editorial Freelancers Association offers online courses so students can get a better understanding of what proofreaders do, and it is different from copy editing. EFA also provides a standard rate chart so freelancers know what to charge their client for a project.

Post your comments

Post Anonymously


forgot password?