Inflammation of the cervix is often the result of either sexually transmitted diseases, allergic reactions, or bacteria inside the vagina. Doctors typically have to run a few different tests in order to find out what is causing the inflammation. If a sexually transmitted disease is the cause, the inflammation will likely persist until the disease is treated. Bacteria inside the vagina is often treated with vaginal suppositories containing antibiotics to kill the infection. In the event that inflammation of the cervix is caused by an allergic reaction, a woman will typically have to think about what products she has been using that may have caused the reaction and then cease using the suspected products to see if the inflammation clears up.
Sexually transmitted diseases are a common cause of inflammation of the cervix. Almost any sexually transmitted disease can cause the cervix to become inflamed, but some of the most common diseases that cause it include gonorrhea, genital herpes, and chlamydia. There is no cure for genital herpes, but the disease can be effectively managed so that it rarely causes problems. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can each be cured with antibiotics. A woman who has cervical inflammation as a result of an STD will likely need to abstain from unprotected sexual activity.
Allergic reactions are a less serious reason for inflammation of the cervix. Many women experience this after they have used spermicide, diaphragms, and other items that are designed to be inserted into the vagina. If any of these items are made with or contain a substance that a woman is allergic to, she may experience a reaction. Figuring out which item caused the reaction could potentially be tricky. Some women may have to go through a trial and error process and eliminate certain things they use regularly one at a time until they can pinpoint which item is causing the problems.
Bacteria inside the vagina, also commonly known as bacterial vaginosis, is another problem that may cause inflammation of the cervix. Women who have bacterial vaginosis might experience problems including itching and foul-smelling discharge. Initially, the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis tend to mimic yeast infection symptoms. Many women do not see their doctors with bacterial vaginosis until their attempts at treating it with over-the-counter yeast infection cream have failed. Cervical inflammation with bacterial vaginosis usually goes away once the infection has cleared up, and this usually happens with the use of doctor-prescribed antibiotics.