What are the Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?

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  • Written By: Garry Crystal
  • Edited By: Niki Foster
  • Last Modified Date: 15 October 2019
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Multiple sclerosis is a disease that attacks the nervous system. It is a progressive disease, which means that it worsens over time. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis, and the symptoms are different in every sufferer.

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis range in severity over time. The length of time that the symptoms appear for also varies. Sufferers typically have a variety of symptoms, but may not suffer from all possible symptoms. Symptoms usually first appear between the ages of 20 and 40 years.

One of the most common symptoms is fatigue. The sufferer will feel exhausted during any form of activity. The tiredness or exhaustion will not be in proportion to the activity or exercise.

Multiple sclerosis sufferers may also have bladder or bowel problems. Urination can be very frequent, and incontinence may occur with either urinary or bowel movements. Constipation may also occur, as the digestive process may be slower than normal.

Another major symptom of multiple sclerosis is cognitive problems. Sufferers may develop short-term memory loss, as well as difficulties in concentrating and judgment capabilities. Multiple sclerosis sufferers may suffer from mood swings and emotional outbursts. There may also be some difficulties with learning skills.


Vision irregularities are another symptom of multiple sclerosis. Vision may become blurred, and blind spots may occur. There may be some cases of double vision or frequent loss of sight or color. Pain may occur behind the eyes, and the eyes may twitch.

Communication can become difficult, and some speech problems may be present. The sufferer may also experience muscle spasms at frequent intervals. Loss of coordination and instability are also symptoms of multiple sclerosis, sometimes accompanied by dizziness or vertigo.

Physical sensations may also be affected by multiple sclerosis. Frequent bouts of "pins-and-needles" or a tingling sensation can occur. There may also be sensations of numbness, itching or burning.

Multiple sclerosis appears differently in each person. An attack can occur, and then the symptoms may not appear again for ten years. Some people suffer only very mild attacks, while others experience them often and they can worsen very rapidly. Symptoms usually depend on which type of multiple sclerosis the sufferer has. There are four types, and each one is different in the degree of severity and recurrence.


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Post 3

why does m.s. occur with mostly women and not men?

Post 2

It seems that women are more prone to suffer from multiple sclerosis than men.

Post 1

What are the possible treatments for multiple sclerosis?

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