Citalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) that treats depression. Signs of a citalopram overdose include dizziness and drowsiness, as well as confusion, memory loss and even coma. In addition, nausea and vomiting are also signs of a citalopram overdose, as are rapid breathing and sweating. This list is not inclusive of all possible signs of a citalopram overdose, as there are a variety of other signs and symptoms that a patient might experience when taking too much of the medication. If these or any other signs of a citalopram overdose do occur, the patient should seek immediate medical attention.
Some signs of a citalopram overdose overlap with normal side effects of the medication. For example, drowsiness, nausea and sweating can be indicators of an overdose but they can also be a patient’s particular citalopram side effects. Other side effects of the medication include abnormal urination, changes in weight, and dry mouth — these are in addition to headache, insomnia and sexual dysfunction. An allergic reaction to the medication is also possible, and this reaction will produce such symptoms as difficulty breathing, hives and swelling in the face and throat area. While side effects can be mild, a patient with any serious or persistent side effects should contact his doctor to discuss his prescription.
As an antidepressant, citalopram comes with a serious risk. The medication can increase a patient’s possibility for suicidal behavior and thoughts. As such, it is important to be on the lookout for signs of abnormal behavior that can include worsening anxiety, depression or hostility. In addition to side effects and the risk of suicidal behavior and thoughts, when a patient stops taking citalopram, he might experience withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include irritability, tingling sensations and vivid dreams.
Certain medications can affect how a patient’s body receives and reacts to citalopram. For example, taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like ibuprofen can interact with citalopram by causing a patient to bleed or bruise easily. Other medications that can also affect the performance of citalopram include additional antidepressants and blood thinners, as well as certain other medications. Depending on a patient’s circumstances and health otherwise, a doctor might deem citalopram unsuitable for prescription. To ensure that a patient receives the best prescription available, he should disclose to his doctor any other medications that he is taking, in addition to any medical conditions that he has, as they can play a role in the effectiveness of citalopram as well.