Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that causes vaginitis is women and can increase the risk of HIV infection. While trichomoniasis can, obviously, be a very serious condition, treatments for trichomoniasis are usually relatively painless. The most common form of treatment for this sexually transmitted disease includes the prescription of single dose antibiotics. Since trichomoniasis can result in the development of vaginitis, women who are diagnosed with the condition are traditionally also prescribed oral or cream antibiotics specifically designed to treat the condition. As with other sexually transmitted diseases, the only real preventions for trichomoniasis include abstinence and following safer sex practices.
As one of most common forms of treatment for trichomoniasis, antibiotics are also one of the most effective. Often, metronidazole and tinidazole are prescribed for the treatments of trichomoniasis, though other antibiotics may be prescribed in certain cases. Unlike other types of antibiotics, which are often prescribed for an extended period of time, antibiotics that are used to treat trichomoniasis are often given in a single dose. Individuals who have been prescribed an antibiotic as a treatment for trichomoniasis should tell their doctor about other prescription or over-the-counter medications that they are taking. In some cases, interactions between these two types of medications can occur, resulting in serious side effects.
Treatments for trichomoniasis often vary depending on the sex of the patient being treated. While men are often only prescribed an oral antibiotic, women who have been diagnosed with trichomoniasis often require additional treatment. For some women, trichomoniasis can lead to a painful condition known as vaginitis. This additional infliction means that women may also given metronidazole as an antibiotic cream.
As with any type of sexually transmitted disease, the only way to prevent needing treatments for trichomoniasis include avoiding getting infected in the first place. Those who cannot abstain completely from sex, however, should be encouraged to participate in safer sex. This includes not only using condoms when engaging in sexual intercourse, but also maintaining an open dialogue with sexual partners about possible sexually transmitted diseases.
Individuals who have been diagnosed with trichomoniasis in the past should remember that even though the symptoms of trichomoniasis have disappeared, it is still possible to infect others. People undergoing one of the treatments for trichomoniasis can also still spread the disease. Studies suggest that it is best to wait a few days after all medical therapies have been completed before engaging in sexual behavior.