Thyroiditis is a term used for inflammation involving the thyroid gland. Treatment for the condition depends on the type of thyroiditis present as well as the individual symptoms. Some of the more common types of treatment include the use of anti-inflammatory medications, steroid medications, or hormone replacement therapy. Any questions or concerns about the most appropriate thyroiditis treatment for an individual situation should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Painful thyroiditis is one of several forms of thyroid inflammation. Treatment for this condition generally involves the use of anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin. These medications can frequently provide the necessary pain relief while also reducing the inflammation of the thyroid gland. More severe cases may require the use of steroid medications. It should be noted that long-term steroid usage may have negative side effects for some people, so the use of these medications should be carefully discussed with a doctor.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of thyroid inflammation and occurs when natural antibodies begin to attack the thyroid gland. When this condition has been diagnosed, thyroiditis treatment typically begins with hormone replacement therapy in the form of synthetic thyroid hormones. This type of treatment generally relives symptoms and prevents the thyroid gland from growing larger. It may take some time for the doctor to find the ideal dosage for the individual, and the dosage may need to be adjusted from time to time.
Subacute thyroiditis is less common than Hashimoto's thyroiditis and causes rapid swelling and pain of the thyroid gland. This condition is often thought to be caused by some sort of viral infection, although the direct cause is not always known. Thyroiditis treatment for this condition often begins with complete bed rest and the use of aspirin or ibuprofen to help reduce the inflammation and treat the accompanying fever. If symptoms do not go away in a reasonable amount of time, steroid treatment may become necessary. This type of thyroiditis rarely recurs once it goes away.
Silent thyroiditis is a relatively rare form of thyroid inflammation. Thyroiditis treatment is not often needed for this condition, and it typically resolves on its own. Bed rest is occasionally needed along with prescription medications known as beta blockers. These medications are typically needed only if heart palpitations become particularly bothersome. A small percentage of patients with this form of thyroiditis may need ongoing care, although most recover relatively easily.