There are many different types of psychological therapy available to help people deal with difficult emotional issues. Some popular types of psychological therapy are emotional freedom technique (EFT), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoanalysis, and group therapy. Each of these techniques uses a different approach, but all work toward the same goal of easing psychological distress.
EFT is a type of psychological therapy that utilizes acupressure. This technique, which was developed in the latter part of the 20th century, consists of tapping different acupuncture points on the body to find relief for depression, insomnia, stress, eating disorders, and a variety of emotional problems. EFT is based on the theory that tapping the right acupuncture points can release blocked emotions stored in the body to effect psychological healing in the same way that acupuncture can remove energy blockages to restore physical health. Some experts refute the validity of this technique, yet thousands of people who have done it report that it helped them. EFT is so easy that just about anyone can do it, and there are certified EFT practitioners available to help those who require professional help.
CBT is a psychological therapy that helps people improve unwanted behaviors by changing the thought processes behind them. For example, a person who is unhappy or stressed might frequently turn to food for comfort, causing obesity and health problems. A CBT therapist will talk to the person to determine the reasons behind the negative emotions and help the client see things from a different perspective. The therapist and client will also work together to develop a plan that will replace the emotional eating with a more productive outlet. Changing the behavior that feeds the unwanted emotions with food can help the person lose weight and improve health and well-being.
Psychoanalysis is the form of psychological therapy commonly known as talk therapy. This therapy is based on the concept that unconscious thoughts and unresolved issues can influence behavior and emotions. The therapist works closely with the client to receive insights and find the origin of those thoughts. This type of psychological therapy is lengthy, often taking years.
Group therapy is a common form of psychological therapy that is less costly than other therapies since one or more therapists work with a small group of people. Individual participation is encouraged. Participants learn from one another while a trained counselor steers the conversation along a constructive path. Group therapy is often used in conjunction with other therapies such as medication and individual counseling.