What Are the Different Types of Neoplasm Surgery?

H. Colledge

Neoplasm surgery is surgery used to remove a tumor, or abnormal growth. This could be a cancerous, or malignant, tumor or a non-cancerous, benign tumor. Different types of neoplasm surgery are used to treat different types of tumor. Types of neoplasm surgery used to treat cancer include: laser surgery; electrosurgery, which destroys cells with electric currents; cryosurgery, which freezes cancer cells; and Moh's surgery, where layers of cells are carefully shaved away. Surgeons may perform traditional open surgery or laparoscopic surgery, which is carried out through smaller incisions; robots are sometimes used to manipulate surgical tools.

Different types of neoplasm surgeries are used to treat specific types of tumors.
Different types of neoplasm surgeries are used to treat specific types of tumors.

Neoplasia is the condition in which unusual new growth occurs in the body, and a tumor is a lump made up of neoplastic cells. A tumor may be benign, which means it is not cancer and will not spread, but surgical removal could still be necessary as a growing mass may press on surrounding structures. Cancerous tumors usually need to be removed, preferably before they have had a chance to spread. Sometimes, if cancers have spread widely, neoplasm surgery is not appropriate, and treatments such as chemotherapy are used instead. Surgery may also be used as part of diagnosis, when doctors are trying to determine whether an individual neoplasm is cancer and, if so, to see how far the cancer has spread.

Laparoscopic neoplasm surgery is performed by passing miniature surgical tools through hollow rods that are inserted through small cuts.
Laparoscopic neoplasm surgery is performed by passing miniature surgical tools through hollow rods that are inserted through small cuts.

Conventional open methods of neoplasm surgery involve making large incisions in the skin which enable the surgeon to view the tumor clearly. Laparoscopic neoplasm surgery, sometimes known as keyhole surgery, is performed by passing miniature surgical tools through hollow rods which are inserted through small cuts. The surgeon is able to view the operation through a laparoscope, a thin, flexible instrument with a camera which relays images to a monitor. Although it is an experimental technique, surgery may also be carried out through a natural body opening such as the mouth. Surgical instruments are passed down into the stomach and, by way of a small incision, gain access to organs inside the abdomen.

Different types of neoplasm surgery are used to treat various types of tumors.
Different types of neoplasm surgery are used to treat various types of tumors.

Laser techniques can be used for some types of neoplasm surgery, such as the removal of neoplastic cells on the cervix. During laser surgery, powerful light energy destroys cells by heating them. Electrosurgery, which is used to treat some skin cancers, uses electrical currents at high frequency to kill cells. Cryosurgery is another technique used to treat abnormal cervical cells, and it destroys cells by freezing them. Moh's surgery is used for skin cancers and involves tumor layers being shaved away and analyzed under a microscope until a layer of skin without cancerous cells is reached.

A biopsy may be taken to determine whether a neoplasm is or is not cancerous.
A biopsy may be taken to determine whether a neoplasm is or is not cancerous.
Laser techniques can be used to remove neoplastic cells on the cervix.
Laser techniques can be used to remove neoplastic cells on the cervix.
Symptoms of a benign neoplasm may include itching.
Symptoms of a benign neoplasm may include itching.
Conventional open methods of neoplasm surgery involve making large incisions in the skin so that the surgeon is able to view the tumor clearly.
Conventional open methods of neoplasm surgery involve making large incisions in the skin so that the surgeon is able to view the tumor clearly.

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Discussion Comments

Heavanet

@rundocuri- I think that your relative will be impressed with how much easier laparoscopic surgery is to heal from that traditional surgery. Since there is no major incision, there is less cutting and less pain involved with this type of procedure.

Though there are many advantages of having laparoscopic surgery to remove a neoplasm, it is still surgery and patients must follow their doctors' orders. Just because your relative might not feel a lot of pain after laparoscopic surgery doesn't mean that he won't have to take it easy for a while. The recovery requirements are also similar to traditional surgery because your relative will still have to take prescribed medications and keep the small incisions clean.

Rundocuri

I have a relative who has to have laparoscopic neoplasm surgery and he doesn't know what to expect. He's had open surgery before, so he's happy about the fact that the healing time for laparoscopic surgery is shorter. What else should he expect?

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