Black skin hyperpigmentation is caused by the overproduction of melanin in focal areas, resulting in the appearance of dark marks. This pigmentation is usually caused by skin damage from a number of sources, including acne, injury, and skin conditions such as eczema. Overexposure to sun can also be a major contributing factor. There are a number of helpful tips when treating this condition, including product use and prevention.
One of the best ways to treat black skin hyperpigmentation is to see a dermatologist. Although this can be more expensive, a dermatologist can help determine the source, if unknown, of the coloration. They can also prescribe medications that are stronger than what you can buy over the counter. Some medications that you may be prescribed are hydroquinone, retinoids, and azelaic acid. If you do get a prescription, use it as directed to get the best results.
If going to see a dermatologist is not an option, there are a number of over-the-counter products you can use to reduce black skin hyperpigmentation. With any product that you buy, you should find one that has been reviewed, and try one where the majority of reviews are positive. It is also important to buy one that you can afford as these products often take some time to work.
Only get a product as strong as you need, as the stronger the product, the higher the risk you have of overdoing it and irritating your skin. Choose a product, if possible, that is suited to your skin type. One ingredient to look for is glycolic acid. This will exfoliate the top layer of your skin, helping to reduce black skin hyperpigmentation gradually. Glycolic acid is available in cleansers, toners, gels, and creams.
There are also other inexpensive options that you can use at home. For example, cocoa butter and aloe vera are both very good for your skin and can help reduce black skin hyperpigmentation. Their effectiveness, however, may be quite limited, especially if you have significant or extensive marking.
If you want something stronger and faster, a good tip is to try microdermabrasion. You can get this done at a salon, or you can purchase home kits. This method is quicker, but may require six to eight treatments to be effective, so it can be more expensive. Even more quick and effective is to have a chemical peel done. This, however, is even more expensive and can also irritate the skin.
Like many treatments, products to reduce black skin hyperpigmentation can take weeks, months, or even years to have a noticeable or satisfactory result, so be patient. It is also very important to follow the directions on packaging to avoid damaging your skin and making the problem worse. Finally, prevention is key, so wear adequate sunscreen and treat skin with anti-inflammatory products to keep hyperpigmentation to a minimum.