What Are the Benefits of Economic Development?

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  • Written By: Esther Ejim
  • Edited By: Kaci Lane Hindman
  • Last Modified Date: 06 October 2019
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Economic development is an all-encompassing term that may refer to the efforts and initiatives by both the policymakers and the citizens of a region to promote factors that will lead to the development of that region. The benefits of economic development are drawn from factors like improvement in human capital, solid infrastructure, environmental awareness and health, and a good welfare system. Another aspect that can be seen as a benefit is an improvement in the competitiveness of the country with others in the region or the world.

One of the benefits of economic development is an improvement in human capital, which means an improvement in the skills, talents and education of the general population through the provision of good schools, quality learning environments and materials. Human beings are the main drivers behind economic development, which they can achieve through the application of their skill, knowledge and experience toward the development of the nation. In order to acquire this education, they must receive training or formal instruction from well-equipped schools with modern laboratories and other learning aids. Sometimes the training is acquired on the job as they learn and grow from experience. This knowledge is referred to as human capital because it is an investment in people that is expected to pay dividends over time.


Another inclusion in the benefits of economic development is the construction of a solid network of infrastructure in the country. This includes objects like good roads, functional sewages and canals. It also includes the construction of good airports and seaports as well as other amenities like constant electricity and good drinking water. Economic development will also lead to the provision of social amenities like functional libraries, a good transportation system, and other facilities like theaters and sports centers.

An important part of the benefits of economic development is the provision of a good welfare system for the citizens. The importance of this is that it ensures the economically challenged, emotional challenged, mentally challenged, very young, and even old and destitute members of society will be provided for. This is not an option in less-economically developed countries where people do not receive such benefits or consideration. Also, economically developed countries have good healthcare systems that include the provision of necessary medical equipment and trained doctors to attend to the needs of patients. Some countries, such as the United States, have a welfare program for people who cannot afford to pay for their basic healthcare.


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Post 3

Yes that’s true even today with gay rights and marriage equality. The poorer states (sadly again usually in the Deep South but definitely not ONLY there) are still struggling with the acceptance of a wider definition of marriage. If this kind of prejudice and backward thinking behavior isn't caused by economic underdevelopment than it’s definitely heavily correlated!

Post 2

This article also fails to assess the benefits that economic development has on a more open and tolerant culture. Throughout American history we’ve seen that the rise of hate crimes, racist groups and intolerant legislation is most prevalent in either a period of economic decline or in areas of economic underdevelopment (L.A. Race Riots). It’s no mystery that hate groups like the KKK were most popular in the poorer south than the more economically developed north.

Post 1

Saying that a good welfare system isn't an option for less economically developed countries is ridiculous. I've lived in China for two years and even though the GDP is fairly low (GDP is usually a reliable indicator of economic development) the old, young and mentally challenged are usually cared for. Soldiers, government workers, and municipal workers are given descent pensions after retirement and in a communist country, there are A LOT of government workers. There is also government paid disability and adequate care for wards of the state.

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