How do I Calculate Company Profit?

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  • Written By: Troy Holmes
  • Edited By: W. Everett
  • Last Modified Date: 14 August 2019
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Profit is the accounting term used to describe the funds that remain from a business operation after the expenses have been deducted. This profit is calculated through a process known as profit analysis, which is a simple calculation of revenue minus expenses. This analysis accounts for payroll, inventory, and other operational expenses to determine the true company profit.

A company is typically taxed on the profits it makes on an annual basis. This company profit is the remaining money that is available for the owners or shareholders of cooperation. Annual profits are typically used for bonus payments to owners or reinvestment in the business. This type of profit is referred to as the retained earnings of a company.

There are multiple types of profit used in corporate accounting. Some examples include gross profit, net profit, and operational profit. Each type of profit has specific algorithms that are designed to calculate the particular area of company profit.

Gross profit is the crude profit a company makes before taxes and overhead expenses. It is the total revenue or sales of an organization minus the cost for selling the goods it produces. This gross profit is used for determining how much profit is being made from products or services. This profit does not include the operational cost of running the business.


Net profit is the true company profit after all expenses. This includes deductions for overhead, salaries, office space, and infrastructure costs including phones and computers. Net profit is considered the true indicator for company profit, which determines if a business is actually making money. This type of profit is the pre-tax profit of a company.

The net profit margin is calculated by taking the net profit after taxes, divided by the revenue or sales of a company. This calculated number represents the marginal rate a company makes on each US dollar it generates. The net profit margin is fundamental in projecting how much money a company can make as sales increase.

Many companies offer profit-sharing programs. These programs are designed to share the profits of an organization with the employees. This is incentive program that is normally provided in addition to salaries and bonuses. Profit- sharing programs can be a good method of increasing productivity from employees because they are rewarded for the company’s success.

Some companies are considered nonprofit or not-for-profit in business. These companies include charities, religious organizations, or public volunteer associations. A company that is nonprofit is required to put its profits after expenses back into the organization. This net profit is not permitted to be paid to the owners of the company.


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