What Types of Paint are Good for Children to Use?

Mary Elizabeth
Mary Elizabeth

In thinking about types of paint to use with children, there are several things to consider:

Finger paint is very popular with children.
Finger paint is very popular with children.

One type of paint for children is watercolors.
One type of paint for children is watercolors.
  • the child’s preferences and developmental level
  • the resources available in the painting area
  • clean- up, and
  • the paint available for children
Washable paints are ideal in case children get paint on their clothes.
Washable paints are ideal in case children get paint on their clothes.

The child’s preferences and developmental level may help you decide if you want to use paint that is applied with their hands, or paint that is applied with a brush or a bottle or a tube. The resources available will help you determine if the child needs paint that works well on a countertop, on paper placed flat, on an easel, or paper taped on a wall. Clean-up after painting can range from putting the lids back on the tubes to washing all nearby surfaces and the need for a bath, so the circumstances can help you decide what will work best for you. And the types of paint available for children include mainly finger paint, tempera, watercolors, and specialized products, which you can match to the child and occasion.

Tempera paint is often used in school settings.
Tempera paint is often used in school settings.

Types of Paint to Match Your Child
Many young children begin their paint experiences with a non-toxic finger paint. There are special finger painting sets you can buy, because this is often used by children, but you can also make finger paint at home. The sets come with a coated paper, and this paper can also be bought separately, but finger painting can also take place on a kitchen countertop made of Formica®, for example.

A child's preferences and developmental level should be considered when choosing paint.
A child's preferences and developmental level should be considered when choosing paint.

Tempera paints come in both powder and premixed colors, allowing ease of set-up on the one hand, and a high degree of control on the other. Because they are washable, clean-up time is minimized. Tempera paint is a type often used in school settings. Tempera paints are characteristically applied with a brush and feature bright colors.

Conventional paints may contain toxins and easily leave permanent markings.
Conventional paints may contain toxins and easily leave permanent markings.

Watercolors come in five forms that you may find interesting. The first is a book with pre-drawn pictures and pigment embedded in the pages. Brushing the pages with a brush dipped in water brings out the pigment, which stays on the page. This is one of the types of paint that allows for very quick set-up and clean-up, but there’s not a lot of creativity involved for the child.

The other four types of watercolor paint come in pans and tubes, crayons, and pencils. They may be applied to varying types of paper for different effects, and the paper may be wet or dry. Wet brushes and sponges may be used after the watercolors have been applied to create more effects. Since these types of paint are used by professional artists, a child beginning to learn watercolor techniques can keep it simple and just have fun or embark on a career or a hobby that will last a lifetime.

A child's development may dictate whether or not they are ready to paint with a brush.
A child's development may dictate whether or not they are ready to paint with a brush.
Mary Elizabeth
Mary Elizabeth

Mary Elizabeth is passionate about reading, writing, and research, and has a penchant for correcting misinformation on the Internet. In addition to contributing articles to wiseGEEK about art, literature, and music, Mary Elizabeth is a teacher, composer, and author. She has a B.A. from the University of Chicago’s writing program and an M.A. from the University of Vermont, and she has written books, study guides, and teacher materials on language and literature, as well as music composition content for Sibelius Software.

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Discussion Comments

ChickenLover

@bbpuff - Yeah, I think all of the major companies make different types of interior paint with low VOC. It is kind of becoming a necessity and hot commodity. It is also safe for pregnant women to use low VOC paints as well. I always painted with latex when I was pregnant and was fine, but I mean, that's a personal choice women would have to make. I know some people get very skittish about that.

bbpuff

@plaid - Food coloring I think is pretty much safe, but there is one - huge - problem: it stains very badly. So if you're looking for an everyday paint, forget it. You should probably turn to home made finger paints or look back to Crayola's repertoire. Aside from that other than specifically child formulated items, the regular types of spray paint are never safe for children to use. There are also some interior paints with low VOC that will be safe for them as well if we're talking about painting a bedroom or home or even furniture. Hope that helps some people out!

plaid

@empanadas - I really like the Crayola brand because they specialize in non toxic materials. This is especially important when it comes to younger children that are into everything. I like that they have that paint spray stuff that the kids can draw on the sidewalk with. Aside from that is food coloring safe to use?

empanadas

Hands down I will always say that Crayola's Color Wonder is the best thing EVER. My children would have written, drawn, painted, and colored all over everything in the house if this had never been invented. The different types of paint brushes you can use with Color Wonder isn't limiting either, as long as you have the right paint and paper. It's pretty awesome.

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