What is Wilton Carpet?

Sheri Cyprus

A Wilton carpet is a woven wool carpet noted for having up to, but never more than, five colors per pattern. These carpets are available in many patterns as well as textures such as looped or a cut-velvet appearance. These carpets date back to Wilton, England where they were first made hundreds of years ago.

Wilton carpet may be featured in hotels.
Wilton carpet may be featured in hotels.

When the market for England’s raw wool supply died down, Wilton was turned into a weaving town for cloth manufacturing. It’s proximity to two rivers, the Nadder and the Wylye, made it a good location as water is a necessity in textile manufacturing. Wilton also became known for producing carpets when its first carpet loom was patented in 1741.

Wilton carpet may be a popular choice in airliners due to its durability.
Wilton carpet may be a popular choice in airliners due to its durability.

Types of Wilton carpets include the face-to-face, single frame and multi-frame. In a face-to-face Wilton carpet, machines weave two backings attached by pile yarn. The yarn is then cut to form two cut pile carpets.

A single frame Wilton carpet is also known as a plain Wilton and it is produced as a looped pile carpet which may either stay looped or be cut by blades added to the weaving machine. Cut and loop pattern rows are also possible in the single frame technique and may be formed with multi-colored yarns.

The multi-frame method produces Wilton rugs in textures that other machine types cannot achieve. The multi-frame rug is also known as a Jacquard Wilton carpet. As the multi-frame technique involves colors of yarn strands being carried inside the backing, a thick durable carpet is formed with a padded look and feel to it.

The Wilton carpet is known for its strength and durability and is a popular choice for commercial areas as it can stand up to high traffic. Patterned or sometimes solid color, Wilton carpeting is often used on airliners and passenger trains as well as in hotels. A Wilton carpet can also be used in residential applications, but Wilton area rugs are more common for domestic use than the wall-to-wall carpeting.

Wilton carpets can be made on looms.
Wilton carpets can be made on looms.

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Discussion Comments


I love the amount of info provided. It's the exactly the sort of detailed, interesting description that I (and, I suspect, most people) look for and appreciate.


My reaction is exactly the opposite to anon 152662.


Please don't feel like you have to expand a paragraph's worth of info into an essay. This is not a dig - more of a wishful advice.

I landed on this page to find out what a Wilton rug was, and got what i was looking for - Wilton rugs exist. I doubt that anyone who lands here is looking for basic info on textile manufacturing, the names of the "two rivers," etc., etc.

On the off chance someone is truly interested in Wilton rug esoterica, you are not going to capture him with redundancies and non sequiturs - you'd have to do more than simply cobble loosely-related factoids scraped from the 'net. Again, don't get me wrong - i know it's work, but all of this pointless fluff gets parroted by other folks who get paid to write about it, who, to mask plagiarizing your writing, will add even more meaningless fluff.

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