In most cases, no treatment is necessary for liver calcification. The condition is not a disease or illness in itself, but it may indicate the presence of another illness, however, which may require treatment. Occasionally, liver calcification may accompany a tumor or lesion on the organ. In this case, the mass will likely to be removed.
Calcification occurs when the liver is damaged or stressed by an outside source. This can include disease as well as alcohol consumption, and the calcium deposits which are detected on the organ are generally there as a protective measure against further injury. Additional causes of calcification are infection, injury to the liver, and certain viral diseases.
When the offending disease or condition is no longer present, there is often no necessary treatment for liver calcification. Further monitoring may be needed to rule out continued infection or disease. This is especially true in very young babies or children.
Sometimes calcification can occur in infants due to infection during birth. Most commonly this is caused by meconium which enters the abdomen and causes infection. Long-term complications are uncommon, although sometimes a calcified mass or tumor can result. These are generally non-cancerous, but they are often surgically removed to prevent problems.
When an underlying illness or another condition is still present along with liver calcification, treatment generally includes proper remedies for this condition. Those who drink frequently are generally urged to stop, and those who eat fatty foods or lead a sedentary lifestyle are generally encouraged to eat healthier and engage in regular physical activity. Liver disease like cancer or cirrhosis of the liver may require more thorough treatment.
Treatment for serious liver disease can include dialysis, medications, and sometimes a transplant. Leading a healthier lifestyle and avoiding certain substances is also important. Infection may be treated with antibiotics or other drugs.
Sometimes liver calcification has no known cause. In this case patients are typically monitored but do not require treatment unless a cause is found. Certain medications may also lead to calcification. If calcified cysts grow, they may require surgery. Calcified cysts are masses which form from large quantities of calcium accumulating on the liver. Sometimes these cysts go away on their own over time without treatment.