The connection between sinusitis and dizziness is that sinus congestion commonly causes a build up of inner ear fluid, disrupting the equilibrium. Consequently, this causes dizziness and vertigo. Although vertigo is similar to dizziness, the difference is that vertigo produces a feeling of spinning and motion. In addition, vertigo is often coupled with profound nausea and vomiting. Sinusitis and dizziness are frequently related to a sinus infection, however, the conditions can be chronic and last indefinitely.
Treatment for a sinus infection usually includes antibiotics because these types of infection are frequently caused by bacteria. Sinusitis and dizziness also are frequently treated with decongestant medications. Oral decongestants and nasal sprays are equally effective in relieving sinus congestion, however, oral decongestants usually produce side effects. These side effects include a pounding heart, inability to sleep, anxiety, and palpitations.
Conversely, decongestant nasal sprays generally only produce local side effects such as a dry nose or mild nose bleeding. Neither form of decongestant medication should be used longer than recommended by the physician, because when this occurs, they can lose their effectiveness and result in a worsening of symptoms.
Other effective remedies for treating sinusitis and dizziness include using a humidifier or vaporizer at bedtime, which can relieve dry nasal passages and ease congestion. After using a vaporizer, the device must be completely cleaned before the next use or bacteria can multiply and transmit infection the next time it's used. Antihistamines and anti-vertigo medications are effective for treating dizziness and the spinning sensation of vertigo, however, they can worsen sinus congestion. Antihistamines dry up nasal secretions and are appropriate treatments for post nasal drip or allergies, however, they're not recommended for sinus congestion.
People who experience sinusitis along with dizziness might also benefit from prescription ear drops as these can relieve pressure in the inner ear, substantially reducing dizziness. After instilling ear drops, care should be taken to keep the head still for a few minutes so the drops do not leak out and are able to reach the inner ear. When ear drainage or bleeding is present, ear drops are not be recommended, as this can indicate a perforated eardrum.
When sinusitis and dizziness worsens, the physician needs to be called, because this can indicate a secondary infection and the treatment plan may need to be altered. Certain sinus infections are resistant to antibiotic therapy, including those caused by fungal infections. In these cases, anti-fungal treatments are available that can help resolve symptoms.