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What is the California Achievement Test?

Tricia Christensen
Tricia Christensen

The California Achievement Test (CAT) actually refers to several different types of tests that were first initiated in the 1950s to assess student progress. Since the mid 1990s, students have mostly taken one version of the test called the CAT/6, and since 2004, only grades 3-7 take the CAT/6 in California, as part of the STAR (Standardized Testing and Reporting) program. Other tests do exist for the upper grades, including the CASHEE, or California high school exit exam.

Most forms of the California Achievement Test are called norm-referenced tests. This means a student’s score is compared to a group of students taking the test. They get a percentile, instead of a percentage-based score, though some include this second measure too. For example, when a student is in the 80th percentile that means they have scored better than 80 out of 100 students taking the test in the norm-reference group. As mentioned, some results also show exactly the percentage of questions that were answered correctly; however, the percentile measurement is more common.

Tests are usually broken down into specific areas. For instance, language arts may include reading comprehension, writing conventions and the like. These help pinpoint any weaknesses in specific areas. Similarly mathematics could be broken into areas like algebra, geometry, and computations.

Many students of average intelligence who do fairly well in school find these tests pretty easy and score well. Mostly, the tests are measuring basic skills. Lower scores may suggest a student needs more assistance in the classroom, while high ones could suggest the student is being under-challenged. Huge discrepancy between test scores (especially high ones) and grades (particularly low ones) might indicate learning disabilities. On the other hand, kids with test anxiety may have excellent mastery of material and be unable to reproduce it in test form.

The other thing that the California Achievement Test does when used in California is determine how well a school is meeting standards set by California. This helps to determine Academic Performance Index rank. In the state, schools get a ranking between 200-1000 (higher being better) that has some influence on how funds are distributed. Schools that routinely rank low may receive warnings or low funding, or they may have interventions to help determine what areas of teaching can be improved.

Unfortunately, schools with a high percentage of English language learners or with students of very low socio-economic status may have lower APIs and sometimes correspondingly low California Achievement Test scores. The state may be able to withhold some funding when API score remains low over a period of several years. If the school can show improvement in test scores, they may be able to avoid funding loss, and might qualify for extra financial help.

This means that tests like the California Achievement Test get intense focus in most schools. The students must perform well on them so schools get maximum funding and avoid state sanction. For those people who are not in favor of standardized testing, this excessive focus on taking such tests is problematic. Multiple choice testing can measure some skills but not others, and if schools spend a great deal of time taking practice tests or specifically “teaching to the test” there may be less time for some of the other important lessons that can be learned.

Despite criticism by some parents and educators about the California Achievement Test, there are even homeschooling parents interested in having their children take these tests to assess performance. It is possible to purchase some forms of the CAT, though this may be pricey. Parents that homeschool through a school district may be able to get testing opportunities for free.

Tricia Christensen

Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent WiseGEEK contributor for many years. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion. Tricia lives in Northern California and is currently working on her first novel.

Tricia Christensen

Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent WiseGEEK contributor for many years. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion. Tricia lives in Northern California and is currently working on her first novel.

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anon330267

If a homeschooled student has a learning disability, can extra time be allowed for the Terra Nova when administered at home?

comfyshoes

Sunshine31- I just There is usually a California Achievement Practice Test administered to the students to that they could get used to the format.

The California Achievement Test practices also allows the student a reduction in their level of anxiety because they understand the format that is expected ahead of time.

There are California Achievement Test Prep manuals and courses to help students outside of the basic school’s preparation.

In public schools the California Achievement Test is a high stakes standardized tests that often determines eligibility for promotion to the next grade.

This is why additional test prep manuals and courses are offered after traditional school hours to that the student gets additional practice.

sunshine31

The California Achievement test 6 like most state administered standardized test measure a students abilities with respect to grade level expectations.

These tests are measure a student to the national population of students similarly situated and compare the results.

In a Stanford achievement test a student in the fifth grade might score a 6.4 in reading comprehension and an 8.2 in logical reasoning and a 7.9 in mathematical computation.

This means that the student scored the equivalent to the average 6th grader in the fourth month of school in reading comprehension.

This student scored ahead of grade level in logical reasoning and mathematical computation with the equivalent score of a typical eight grade student in the second month and a seventh grader in the ninth month respectively.