What Is the Biomechanics of Golf?

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  • Written By: Andrew Kirmayer
  • Edited By: Shereen Skola
  • Last Modified Date: 04 November 2019
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Biomechanical analysis of individuals who play golf uses software programs that track the motion of every body part. Electronic equipment is also used in training centers to help professionals improve their performance; golf schools also use electronics to help novices understand and apply proper biomechanics in the game. During a golf club swing, body position and movement are analyzed through the various principles of the biomechanics of golf. Each part of the arms, legs, and torso must move within distinct ranges called corridors. Motion within just the right range enables the golf ball to be hit with the efficiency of a professional player.

Different parts of the body move in straight lines and rotate while swinging a golf club. By studying the biomechanics of golf, players can exercise and train correctly. The biomechanical aspects of golf have been researched scientifically and are affected by split second movements of many different muscles in the body. A golf club is sometimes swung at hundreds of miles an hour and only when the ball is hit dead center can an accurate shot be made.


Correct biomechanics in golf include an exact degree of flexing in the knees, for example. Holding the knees stiff will affect the swing, while bending them too much is just as ineffective. At just the right angle, the hips can rotate sufficiently to swing the ball hard. The force on the shoulders during a swing, in the biomechanics of golf, can throw a golfer off balance if his or her legs aren’t in the right position.

To hit a golf ball in a straight line, it must be struck with the center of the golf club head. A golfer who hits the ball with the side of the club head will cause the end of the club to rotate, which shifts the ball to the side. Playing golf correctly means paying attention to the biomechanics of golf. The correct posture should then allow the ball to move in the desired path.

Equipment such as motion analysis systems and video cameras can be combined with software to give a more complete picture. The combination helps learning and experienced golf players in using biomechanics. Computer analytics typically help golfers play a better golf game by showing how they execute a golf swing, and how they can do better at it. These systems are often found in an educational or training setting so the biomechanics of golf are put to proper use.


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