The American Communist Party, now known as the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), is a political party within the United States (US) dedicated to the ideals of socialism and communism. Among the common goals of the party are a peaceful conversion of the US to a communist nation, an end to wars and US interference in other countries, and equal rights and an improved standard of living for all workers and US citizens. Members of the party typically also desire greater empowerment and socialization of programs such as health care, Social Security, and utilities. The American Communist Party has often come into conflict with other political parties and groups within the US, though it has often supported social movements such as equal rights for minorities, women, and homosexuals.
Initially formed in Chicago, the American Communist Party is now headquartered in New York and has several publications, including a magazine and newspaper. In the early days of the party, there was some fracturing within the group, but ultimately the party came together and formed in support of communism in the US and abroad. Prior to the First World War, the American Communist Party was at its height in terms of member numbers and influence. Following World War II, however, and the “Red Scare” in the US, the party lost a great deal of power and reputation in the US.
The American Communist Party has had a number of different forms and names, but is generally associated with the spread of communism and socialism within the US. Initially this conversion from capitalism to communism was encouraged as a violent, revolutionary act. In the latter half of the 20th century, however, this was changed to an effort to make a peaceful transition into communism that would be without violence. To aid this goal, the American Communist Party has affiliated itself with a number of different groups and movements within the US.
These movements include support of minorities and women in gaining equal rights and protections under law. The American Communist Party has also often been associated with labor groups and unions, which the party commonly supports. In general, the party supports all workers and strives to ensure equal protection and a decent standard of living for all people in the US.
The party also seeks socialization of health care within the US, renewed financial support for Social Security, and government control over utility companies. Members also call for more regulations or governmental control over massive private corporations. While at one time the American Communist Party denounced homosexuality, it has recently criticized earlier views and now supports the rights and equality of men and women regardless of sexual preference.