What is Stress Management?

Mary McMahon

Stress management is a large family of techniques which can be used to help people cope with stress. These techniques range from methods to reduce the occurrence of stress to techniques which can be used by people who feel overwhelmed by stress. Learning to deal effectively with stress can be very important for people in a wide range of situations, ranging from astronauts to stay at home mothers.

Stress management techniques emphasize the need for adequate sleep and good nutrition in order to combat stress and fatigue.
Stress management techniques emphasize the need for adequate sleep and good nutrition in order to combat stress and fatigue.

Dealing with stress is not just about learning to perform well in stressful situations, or learning to reduce overall stress to improve job performance or to work better in school. Several studies have suggested that stress can contribute to poor physical or psychological health. People who are constantly stressed out may experience a variety of physical issues, such as high blood pressure, excessive sweating, and headaches, in addition to psychological issues like a short temper, depression, or behavioral problems. Thus, stress management can improve physical health.

Stress management training can help people from becoming frustrated.
Stress management training can help people from becoming frustrated.

Stress management training can be offered by a physician or psychologist as part of a patient's overall treatment, and people can also attend independent workshops and classes which teach stress management tools. People who work in high pressure jobs, for example, may opt to take stress management classes to help themselves at work. These classes can also include support groups, which may be an important part of someone's stress management plan.

Taking a warm bath after a stressful day is one way to manage stress.
Taking a warm bath after a stressful day is one way to manage stress.

Some techniques for managing stress include optimizing personal schedules, learning to prioritize work, improving personal efficiency, breathing exercises, meditation, support groups, and developing psychological skills which allow people to decline duties gracefully, or which encourage people to reach out for help when they need assistance. They can also include structured activities which include stressful scenarios to give people an opportunity to practice, along with the use of medications or therapy to address psychological concerns.

Spending time hanging out with a close friend can often help a person cope with stress.
Spending time hanging out with a close friend can often help a person cope with stress.

People may be referred to stress management if the people around them feel that they could benefit from learning some tips and techniques, and it is also possible to seek out stress management independently. People who want to recommend seeking professional help to a friend, colleague, student, family member, or anyone else should try to approach the recommendation in a friendly, relaxed way which does not put pressure on the stressed individual.

Aromatherapy can help people with stress.
Aromatherapy can help people with stress.

Stress can come in a wide variety of forms. People should not be ashamed of seeking help with stress management. Humans are highly social animals, and people have evolved over the centuries to rely on each other, rather than trying to work out every problem independently. Sometimes just confiding in someone about stress can make a stressed individual feel better, and actively seeking help with stress management will make someone happier, more confident, and more productive.

People who are constantly stressed out may experience high blood pressure and excessive sweating.
People who are constantly stressed out may experience high blood pressure and excessive sweating.
Writing out different thoughts and feelings in a journal can help reduce stress.
Writing out different thoughts and feelings in a journal can help reduce stress.
Spending time enjoying leisure activities with the family can help with stress management.
Spending time enjoying leisure activities with the family can help with stress management.
People who work in high pressure jobs may benefit from stress management classes.
People who work in high pressure jobs may benefit from stress management classes.
Therapy to address psychological concerns can be a stress management technique.
Therapy to address psychological concerns can be a stress management technique.
Stress management is not just about learning to perform well in stressful situations.
Stress management is not just about learning to perform well in stressful situations.
Poor stress management can lead to utilizing substances as a means of escape.
Poor stress management can lead to utilizing substances as a means of escape.

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Discussion Comments

anon44756

Wonderful article on stress management. i have also written an article on how to manage stress effectively in my website.

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