Lobster fishing refers to the collecting of marine crustaceans known as lobsters. Lobsters are especially abundant off the coast of Maine in the northeastern United States. To catch lobsters, traps or hooks are typically used. This is often done commercially, but it can be done recreationally.
In the fishing industry, lobster fishing is sometimes referred to as lobstering. Lobster fishermen harvest several types of lobsters, including clawed lobsters, which are typically found in cold water. Spiny lobsters are also harvested, and these can usually be found in warm water. These types of lobsters have no claws, and they typically contain less meat.
The state of Maine is especially well known for its lobster. Clawed lobsters are harvested from the cold coastal waters of the Atlantic Ocean in this region. Spiny lobsters, on the other hand, are typically harvested in the warmer waters off the coast of California and in the Caribbean.
Several types of equipment and tools are used in lobster fishing. A boat is one of the most important pieces of equipment, especially in commercial lobster fishing. These boats also have navigation equipment onboard.
Traps are another important tool in lobster fishing. These are typically made from a wood frame covered with wire mesh, and they are often shaped like a half cylinder. Each end of the trap also has a funnel leading inside. This mesh is typically coated with plastic to keep it from rusting.
Lobster fishing traps are also sometimes referred to as lobster pots, and they can usually hold a number lobsters at one time. These are often connected to each other or strung together using rope. A buoy is then attached to them, which will float on the top of the water. This helps lobster fishermen locate the traps easily.
Bait is typically added to lobster traps. This bait typically consists of fish, like herring. When a lobster detects the bait, it will crawl through the mesh funnel leading to the inside of the trap. While this funnel allows the lobsters to get inside, it prevents them from leaving. The lobsters can not escape, and they can then be removed from the water.
Scuba divers may also go lobster fishing for sport. Many areas, however, require divers to purchase a special permit or license for this activity. Recreational lobster fishing often requires a special tool known as a lobster hook. This is simply a stiff wire hook with a handle. The hook is used to snag lobsters and pull them from rocky crevices where they hide.