What is Energy Risk Management?

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  • Written By: Charity Delich
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 08 October 2019
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Managing risks associated with the energy industry is becoming increasingly complicated due to factors such as government regulations, public policy, financial concerns, and energy resource scarcity. In order to address these issues, impacted companies often implement energy risk management strategies. Energy risk management involves the process of pinpointing, evaluating, and prioritizing risks associated with uncertainty in the energy markets. Controlling energy risks can provide greater market assurance for companies like oil and gas producers, electric providers, and gas utilities. It can also give confidence to the insurance companies, banks, and manufacturers who work with these energy companies.

An energy risk management assessment typically involves several steps. The first step requires identifying all possible energy threats. Once potential energy threats have been identified, the risks associated with these threats are usually quantified and prioritized. The final step in an energy risk management assessment usually entails finding ways to address the risk. Solutions may include reducing the energy risk, monitoring the risk, or eliminating the risk altogether.

Different risks occur in different types of energy markets, and energy risk management strategies may vary depending upon which sector of the energy industry is being assessed. The electricity market, for instance, may pose different threats to a company than the oil or natural gas markets. Other factors that often present energy risks include climate change and environmental concerns.


Companies generally employ one or more methods for handling energy risk. The strategy chosen is usually based on the type of risk at issue. In some cases, a company may shift the risk to another party, such as an insurance company. In other cases, a company may either avoid encountering the risk or find ways to minimize negative impacts associated with the risk. Another frequently used energy risk management strategy involves accepting and accounting for outcomes associated with the risk.

Companies in the energy industry may use the services of an energy consulting firm. These firms are usually highly knowledgeable about the energy industry, and they can help companies create solid energy risk management plans. In addition, they can assist companies with assessing the impact of energy regulations. They can also assist with energy purchasing, evaluating energy costs, and developing energy conservation plans.

Some energy consulting firms serve as ambassadors for companies to government bodies. In this role, a firm may help structure competitive power markets or provide advice on energy tariffs. Some energy consultants also provide expert testimony in front of regulatory agencies or courts.


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Post 2

@ Highlighter- If you have a passion for energy, then you can take almost any educational track and find an energy risk management job. This field requires all kinds of employees with a wide array of skills.

Major utilities and energy companies will need everything from financial analysts, accountants, and MBAs to Professional Engineers, IT Architects, and Environmental Scientists. Some of these companies are the biggest companies in the World, with annual revenues the size of the GDPs of some sovereign nations. Energy Risk management is very important and requires a number of personnel to minimize risk.

Post 1

What should I study if I want to find a career in energy and power risk management? I would love to work in the energy industry to help find solutions to the country' energy problems. I think that energy will be one of the biggest issues the nation will face in the coming decades. I want to be right in the forefront of the national debate because I think that I have a good understanding of energy issues as well as a few ideas on how to solve some of them.

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