Diosmin is a type of plant chemical, or phytochemical, mostly found in citrus fruits. Diosmin is often used as a dietary supplement, and it sometimes used to make semisynthetic phlebotropic drugs. Evidence suggests that diosmin is effective for the treatment of ulcers caused by poor circulation in the legs, and for the treatment of hemorrhoids. It is sometimes used to treat venous diseases, such as varicose veins; eye hemorrhage; and bleeding gums, though insufficient evidence as to its effectiveness in these capacities exists. Diomsin works by soothing inflammation and enabling veins to function more normally, and it is considered safe for short-term use in most patients.
Other names for diosmin include citrus bioflavonoid, citrus bioflavones, and diosmetin. It is believed to strengthen blood vessel walls and improve circulation. Diosmin may be useful in the treatment of a range of circulatory problems, including high blood pressure, chronic venous insufficiency, leg ulcers, hemorrhoids, and hypertension. It is sometimes used to reduce swelling after breast cancer surgery, and may be useful in the treatment of diabetes-related circulation problems. Diosmin may be able to prevent heart problems and some types of cancer.
Diosmin is considered safe for use by most patients, though doctors recommend using it only for short periods. Treatment with this drug should continue for no longer than three months. Patients may experience side effects, including diarrhea, headache, and abdominal pain. Diosmin may be prescribed in conjunction with hesperidin, another semisynethetic phlebotropic drug.
Typical dosages of diosmin for the treatment of hemorrhoids range from 900 to 1350 mg, often taken two to three times a day for three or four days. Smaller dosages are usually prescribed for hemorrhoid relapse. Diosmin may be prescribed in doses of about 900 mg for the treatment of leg ulcers caused by inadequate circulation. The drug can be taken for up to two months for the treatment of leg ulcers.
Pregnant or breastfeeding women should generally consult a doctor before taking diosmin. Children may not be able to use this drug. Diosmin can cause allergic reactions in some users, and can sometimes interact with prescription and over-the-counter drugs and supplements. Those who wish to use diosmin are generally advised to consult a doctor if they are using any prescription or over-the-counter drugs or dietary supplements.