What is Dill?

Mary Elizabeth

An herb is a plant whose leaves, seeds, or flowers are used for flavoring food or in medicine. Other uses of herbs include cosmetics, dyes, and perfumes. The name derives from the Latin herba, meaning "green crops." Dill is a plant (Anethum graveolens), that yields both a seed-like fruit referred to as dill seed or dill and leafy growth called dill weed. The plant is in the same family, Apiaceae, as anise, fennel, cilantro, caraway, and cumin.

Dill seed.
Dill seed.

History

The Greek physician Hippocrates, known for the Hippocratic Oath, recorded a recipe for a dill mouthwash. It is mentioned in Charlemagne's list of herbs, and he served tea using it.

Dill is used in the making of gravlax, a Scandinavian smoked salmon.
Dill is used in the making of gravlax, a Scandinavian smoked salmon.

Description

Like a number of the other herbs in its family, dill is a tall plant, often reaching a height of 3 feet (about 1 m), and topped with the characteristic feathery leaves. Some strains have been developed to be shorter, to resist bolting, or to maximize seed production. Flowers range from white to yellow.

The dill plant.
The dill plant.

Gardening

Dill is a sun-loving, hardy annual that is grown from seed. It will reseed itself if the seeds are not harvested. The plant has a taproot like coriander, and mature plants shouldn't be transplanted. Succession planting assures that dill weed is available all season, even as the earlier plantings bolt.

Dill is used in borscht.
Dill is used in borscht.

Food and Other Uses

Dill is well known as the prime flavoring ingredient in cucumber pickles and other pickled vegetables, but it is also popular for flavoring vinegars. It is an ingredient in many Scandinavian and German fish and seafood dishes and sauces, including gravlax, and is used in soups with a variety of origins, including borscht. Dill is used as a garnish in the Baltic states, in breads, and in dips and salad dressings, including those used for potato salad.

Preservation

The most popular way to preserve dill is by using it in pickles. The leaves can also be frozen for several months, a preferable method to drying it. To harvest the fruit, the dead flower heads can be gathered and shaken into a bag, or — to make sure seeds are not lost — the seed heads can first be wrapped in cheesecloth, netting, or pantyhose and the cloth used to collect the seeds. Seeds should be dried in a cool, dry place.

Cucumbers can be pickled with brine or vinegar and dill weed to make dill pickles.
Cucumbers can be pickled with brine or vinegar and dill weed to make dill pickles.

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Discussion Comments

anon180853

All of the above.. The seeds are typically the most pungent and flavorful. They are often called for and used in dips. The frilly leaves are next in flavor and are typically what you get when you buy dried dill. The stalks themselves are also flavorful and are often used with canning of dill pickles. Hope this answers your query. --Jake

anon94282

You can eat dill fresh or dried, seed or weed. Works in soups, salads, casseroles, salad dressing. Dill is mostly used for canning pickles. Helped Mom when I was a little girl. Process is long but worth it. Don't recommend for dessert.

anon82819

If a recipe calls for "dill weed," then it means the plant itself (not the seed). If a recipe calls for "dill seed," it will specifically say "seed."

The "short dark green slivers" you describe are the dried dill and not the seed.

You can buy dill weed and dill seed off the spice rack at your grocery store -- or grow your own! Easy to grow and easy to dry and the seeds are easy to harvest. I hope this helps.

kguillemette

Anon2169 - If you're growing dill - and see the whole plant - you'll know that it's the top part - the little green bud like top - the stem is narrow and then blooms at the top to about 5" diameter that top part - is the part that is used. It's wonderful in home canning of pickles - just pull off the whole top and place it in the jar. Yum!

anon75830

you can eat the whole seed. I've eaten it many times. I like its hot taste and middle part.

somerset

I don't particularly care for the taste of dill, however, the health benefits of dill should not be ignored. Among other benefits, nutrients in dill help protect the body against some carcinogens.

malena

I think that if a recipe calls for dry dill, generally, then it's probably safe to use dill weed rather than dill seed.

tsmith2

if a recipe calls for dry dill, what exactly am i supposed to use? i have dill weed, is that the same or is it dill seed?

Dayton

You can eat whatever part you want. Dill leaves (those tiny green slivers) are great seasoning, especially on fresh fish, while dill seeds are also common seasonings in things like salad dressings. Yum!

anon2169

All i wanted to know was what is the part you eat? No one seems to be able to tell me. The dill i buy is short dark green slivers. Do i eat the seeds? Help.

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