What Is Cystitis Glandularis?

Mary McMahon

Cystitis glandularis is a change that occurs in the tissue that lines the bladder. This particular type of tissue change is benign, but it can be a symptom of another health problem that needs to be treated. In addition, some cases of this condition precede the development of cancerous growths. For this reason, this finding can be a cause for concern. A urologist usually diagnoses patients with this condition and provides them with information about treatment options.

A biopsy may be conducted to diagnose cystitis glandularis.
A biopsy may be conducted to diagnose cystitis glandularis.

Commonly, cystitis glandularis is noted during an examination of the bladder being conducted for other reasons. The change can sometimes be visible on a procedure like a cystoscopy, where a camera is inserted into the bladder. If a biopsy sample of tissue for the bladder is taken, the condition will be visible under magnification in a laboratory facility. Staining can highlight the cell transformation and help a laboratory technician learn more about the extent of the cellular changes.

People with a history of bladder stones may be susceptible to cystitis glandularis.
People with a history of bladder stones may be susceptible to cystitis glandularis.

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This condition can be associated with Von Brunn's nests, groups of tissue that form by budding of epithelial tissue inside the bladder. Sometimes, these growths cause cystitis glandularis and in other cases patients develop both conditions. The condition can be defined in terms of whether it is localized or diffuse, and whether the tissue involved is mucinous or not. Mucinous diffused cystitis glandularis can be a cause for concern.

Cystitis glandularis refers to a change that occurs in the tissue that lines the bladder.
Cystitis glandularis refers to a change that occurs in the tissue that lines the bladder.

People most commonly develop cystitis glandularis as a result of chronic bladder irritation and inflammation. People who wear a catheter can be prone to it and this condition is especially common in quadriplegic and paraplegic patients. Likewise, people with a history of bladder infections, stones, and bladder surgery can be vulnerable to changes in the structure of the bladder cells. When this condition is identified, it is important to determine the cause so that treatment can be provided.

People who wear a catheter may be prone to cystitis glandularis.
People who wear a catheter may be prone to cystitis glandularis.

Treatments for the cause can include medications and surgery. Once the patient has been treated, a follow-up examination may be used to look for additional cellular changes. A patient with a history of this condition should make sure that it is noted in medical records so that other care providers will be aware of the issue. It can become relevant when making decisions about how best to diagnose and treat a urogenital health condition. Doctors may also recommend that such patients be regularly screened for bladder cancer because they are at increased risk of developing bladder malignancies.

Cystitis glandularis is especially common in wheelchair users.
Cystitis glandularis is especially common in wheelchair users.
Cystitis glandularis is a change that occurs in the tissue that lines the bladder.
Cystitis glandularis is a change that occurs in the tissue that lines the bladder.
People with a history of bladder infections may be particularly vulnerable to changes in the structure of bladder cells.
People with a history of bladder infections may be particularly vulnerable to changes in the structure of bladder cells.

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Discussion Comments

bagley79

My doctor was concerned that I had bladder cystitis because I have a long history of bladder infections and they have not been able to figure out the cause.

My doctor sent me to a urologist where I had two different tests done to check out my kidneys and bladder.

The cystoscopy was not a comfortable test for me and I was really glad when it was over. It is amazing what they can see when they use a small camera to take pictures, but it is not very comfortable when they are doing it.

They found out that I did not have this, but still haven't found the cause for all the bladder infections.

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