Brushed metal is metal that has been sanded or abraded to create a decorative finish. A number of metals may be brushed to create this distinctive finish. Upon close inspection, fine lines are apparent in the metal's surface. This finish is less reflective than standard metal finishes and is commonly used in household fixtures and decorative accents.
In most cases, brushed metal is created by rubbing sandpaper across the surface of the metal. Varying grits of sandpaper are used to create different textures and looks. Fine grit paper creates finer lines, while coarse grit paper produces more distinct marks. The abrasions usually move in only one direction and may or may not run the entire length of the pre-fabricated metal sheet, depending on the appearance desired.
Other brushed finishes are created by rubbing the metal's surface with linen or muslin mops that have been coated with an abrasive paste. In this method, the resulting abrasions are less uniform and do not run in a single direction. This is sometimes called blending or satin blending. Brushing is usually done only on the visible face and can be accomplished by hand or with an automated machine.
Common sheet metals used in this technique are nickel, aluminum and stainless steel, though other metals are sometimes used. Items with matte brushed metal finishes are often considered more elegant than their shiny, unbrushed counterparts. As a result, brushed items may have a slightly higher price point.
Building fixtures commonly incorporate brushed metal finishes. Faucets, shower heads, towel bars and other bathroom fixtures are often offered in a brushed finish, as are lighting fixtures, doorknobs and drawer pulls. Large appliances, such as refrigerators and dishwashers, often have brushed metal face plates. Other decorative items such as mirrors, picture frames and table lamps may also have a brushed finish. Even apparel items such as buttons, buckles, jewelry and hair accessories come in this distinctive finish.
Brushed metal is also commonly used in merchandising displays. The high-end appearance is believed to imply that the merchandised product is also high-end. In addition, the brushed surface is less likely to show the small scratches, scuff marks and tiny dents that inevitably occur when a fixture has been on a retail floor for a period of time.
Brushed surfaces may require special care. Some textures allow minor repairs with a simple piece of sandpaper. Most should be cleaned with non-abrasive cleaners to avoid sanding the finish further.