An electrical storm is more commonly known as a thunder or lightning storm. It may or may not present thunder, but lightning can still occur in the absence of thunder. Thunder is a direct result of lightning and occurs as clouds are separated and rejoin during an electrical storm. In addition to thunder and lightning, this type of storm may also include wind, hail, rain or snow.
Electrical storms are created from the combination of atmospheric processes and dry air. The friction created between different climatic occurrences creates a buildup of energy which results in a storm. The electrical storm is similar to the static electricity that is created when you rub a balloon on your hair and it sticks to the wall although obviously on a much larger scale.
This type of storm can be potentially dangerous. Damaging winds, heavy rain, snow or hail can cause a lot of damage to property as well as injuries to people and animals. Lightning can strike a person but more often causes fire when it strikes homes or trees. Because you can never be quite sure how much of a threat a particular storm poses, you should take precautions for every storm.
Preparing for an electrical storm is not complicated. First ensure that large, dead trees or branches surrounding your residence are cleared. This will help to prevent limbs from falling on the building, vehicles, or people in the event of a powerful storm. Always have an emergency kit assembled and stored in a convenient location. An emergency kit should include batteries, flashlight, radio, first aid products and water.
Watch for darkening skies or winds that signify that a storm is approaching. Take cover in your home and make sure that your pets and livestock are also securely sheltered. During the course of an electrical storm, you should not use electrical appliances such as television or phone and do not use water.
If you are outside and away from a building, take shelter in a vehicle if possible. If you are not near shelter, avoid standing under trees or other tall objects which are vulnerable to being struck by lightning. It is best to squat down with your hands on your knees if you are outside in an isolated area to avoid being hit by lightning. Additionally, immediately get out of water if you are swimming as soon as you see that an electrical storm is approaching.