What is Acne Keloidalis Nuchae?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Acne keloidalis nuchae is a skin condition caused by chronic inflammation of the hair follicles around the head, neck, and chin. This condition is more likely among men, particularly in men with short, stiff hair and darker skin. It can cause significant scarring as well as plaques of hair loss. Treatments are available, and a dermatologist can help a patient develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Acne keloidalls nuchae is caused by chronic inflammation of hair follicles around the chin, neck or head.
Acne keloidalls nuchae is caused by chronic inflammation of hair follicles around the chin, neck or head.

In patients with acne keloidalis nuchae, chronic folliculitis develops as a result of ingrown hairs. This tends to occur as a result of shaving. Shaving leaves hair with a very sharp tip that may irritate the skin if the hair grows back curvy or crooked. The inflammation will cause a raised bump to appear. The bump may fill with pus and other fluids and is usually red and painful. Over time, the chronic irritation to the skin will destroy the follicles, making it impossible for hair to grow, and patients will have rough, painful skin.

A dermatologist can recommend facial wash and other products that do not further aggravate acne keloidalis nuchae.
A dermatologist can recommend facial wash and other products that do not further aggravate acne keloidalis nuchae.

The acne keloidalis nuchae will form plaques of irritated tissue. Patients may notice flakes and scabs around the inflamed area, and the skin can feel hot and coarse. It often starts around the back of the head, especially near the crease of the neck, and can spread if the patient does not take measures to address it. The first line of treatment is steroid injections or creams to curb the inflammation. Once the skin returns to a more normal condition, the patient can work on preventing recurrence.

Acne keloidalis nuchae may cause hair loss and is more common among men.
Acne keloidalis nuchae may cause hair loss and is more common among men.

Men are more at risk of acne keloidalis nuchae because they tend to clip or shave their hair very short to manage it. One option is to change grooming practices and allow hair to grow more naturally. For patients who cannot do this, it is important to wash the skin carefully with hot water and soap before any grooming activities. The heat will soften the skin and open the follicles, while the soap will remove dirt and organisms that could cause folliculitis. It is advisable to use a sharp razor or clipper and to avoid sharing personal hygiene products.

Taking special care with hair and skin regimens should prevent the acne keloidalis nuchae from flaring up again. The patient may be left with significant scarring if the original condition is allowed to progress. With time, the skin and hair may recover, as long as the patient prevents inflammation. For people concerned about the plaques and scarred patches, changing hair styles can help with concealment while the skin recovers.

Shaving can cause acne keloidalis nuchae.
Shaving can cause acne keloidalis nuchae.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments

ysmina

My dad has this. He thought that he got it from frequent shaving but his doctor said that it's actually not due to that. It's due to skin cells developing abnormally. Apparently, it's very common in African Americans.

turquoise

@turkay1-- It sounds like your AKN is not very extreme. I had AKN on the back of my neck and it was very bad. I basically looked like a huge scar tissue. I had to get a serious of steroid injections which did nothing and eventually, I had to have it removed.

Thankfully, the procedure was a success. The tissue was cut out and it healed very well. No one can even tell that there was something there before now. There is no scar.

So if the steroid treatments don't work, don't worry. You can always have it removed. If you work with a good doctor, you won't be disappointed.

candyquilt

I was just diagnosed with acne keloidalis nuchae and I'm very worried. I have infected ingrown hairs and scabs all over my chin. My doctor prescribed me a steroid cream and told me to report back next week.

Does anyone else here have this condition? What type of acne keloidalis nuchae treatment are you on? I would like to hear other people's experiences about this. I want it treated and gone as soon as possible.

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