What is a "Stuffed Shirt"?

Tricia Christensen
Tricia Christensen

A stuffed shirt refers to someone who is inflexible, a fuddy-duddy, or consumed with an unjustified opinion of great self-importance. The idiom can also mean someone is conservative. The idiom has come into the English language fairly recently, with a few explanations for its origins. The stuffed shirt bears some resemblance to the empty suit, a person whose importance is greatly over exaggerated. Both imply a sort of useless quality to someone and a person who is likely to bore you.

The term "stuffed shirt" might have originated with the stuffing used in scarecrows.
The term "stuffed shirt" might have originated with the stuffing used in scarecrows.

There are two explanations for the origins of term. The first is that anyone who made a scarecrow clearly had to stuff the shirt with hay, newspapers, or old clothes in order to better reproduce a person. The scarecrow is clearly an empty, fake person. He may be puffed up with hay, but is really nothing. The scarecrow does not frighten most humans, and even crows may be unimpressed with this variant of the stuffed shirt.

In the 19th century, many shirts for both men and women were elaborately starched affairs. Merchants might want to show off the shirts in shop windows, and mannequins were not in common supply. Retailers used newspaper or hay to stuff starched shirts, sometimes called shirtwaists, so a potential buyer would get an idea of how the shirt would look when worn. This is the second possible explanation for how the term stuffed shirt arose. Again, it implies an emptiness or a fake instead of a “real” person.

Starching shirts, or creating a stuffed shirt often made the garment appear quite inflexible. Even a starched shirt that is on a hanger retains some of its form. Also the starched or stuffed shirt gives the illusion of being filled with something, when really all it is filled with is air or useless material.

Calling someone a stuffed shirt is an insult. You are either implying that they are really very unimportant, or that they are very inflexible. For example, an adult who constantly corrects the manners of others could be called by this name. Alternately, a stuffed shirt may be someone unwilling to bend on any trivial issue. He or she feels that his or her way of doing things is the one and only correct way, and will be quick to point out or be rude to others who may live their lives according to different standards.

Tricia Christensen
Tricia Christensen

Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent wiseGEEK contributor for many years. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion. Tricia lives in Northern California and is currently working on her first novel.

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Discussion Comments


I haven't had too many employers I would describe as stuffed shirts lately. Most of my bosses have been around my dad's age or younger, and I think that generation is far less fixed in their opinions and attitudes.


I think it's a generational situation. I've met some people from my grandfather's generation I would definitely call stuffed shirts. They have a loud and usually negative opinion on just about everything. Their children and grandchildren are usually considered disappointments. They don't ask people around them to do anything; instead, they bark out orders.

I had one boss who was a classic stuffed shirt. He spent 20 years as a Navy officer before working in our college bookstore. I was assigned to the bookstore as part of a work-study program. His assistants pulled me aside and told me I had better show up precisely on time, and I had better do everything exactly the way he wanted.

He showed up in the warehouse and proceeded to order me from job to job, holding a stopwatch the entire time. When a problem arose with an assignment, he warned me not to be a troublemaker. My political opinions were always wrong, and I had to swear I was a devout Christian before I could ride with him to another bookstore for supplies.

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