What is a Rutabaga?

Mary McMahon

The rutabaga is a root vegetable which is often confused with a turnip, because it resembles an over sized turnip. While related, the two vegetables are actually entirely different. Rutabagas are popular in Northern European countries, because they do well in cold weather, leading to their alternate name, the “Swedish turnip.” In nations where turnips are not widely cultivated, the rutabaga is also sometimes called a turnip, which can lead to some confusion.

Rutabagas are root vegetables that are similar to turnips.
Rutabagas are root vegetables that are similar to turnips.

The root of a rutabaga is bulbous and yellow in color. Both the skin and the flesh are yellow, and the plant also has an array of leafy greens which are fully edible. Rutabaga greens are typically eaten like spinach, although they are sometimes mashed together with boiled rutabaga roots. The tuber is a good source of vitamin C and fiber, and has also historically been used as a food crop for animals. The greens can also be used as a foraging cover crop for animals, since rutabagas can grow year round if they are well cared for.

Rutabagas should be kept away from apples and bananas.
Rutabagas should be kept away from apples and bananas.

Numerous preparations are used for the rutabaga. It is generally eaten in a cooked form, although some people add chopped raw rutabaga to salads. One of the most traditional preparations is in a mash with potatoes, butter, and cream, a dish made in both Scotland and Scandinavia. It can also be roasted with other root vegetables, boiled, or baked. Younger rutabagas will be more flavorful and less starchy than older tubers.

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When selecting rutabagas from the store, look for firm, evenly colored specimens with crisp greens, if the greens are still attached. They can be stored in a root cellar or under refrigeration for approximately two weeks in a plastic bag. Older specimens should be peeled before cooking, as the peel can sometimes be woody and bitter. Keep rutabagas away from apples and bananas, both of which emit ethylene gas, which can give the rutabagas a bitter flavor.

The hardiness of the rutabaga makes it a good choice for Northern gardens. They take longer to mature than turnips, and can be grown directly from seed in the ground, or from seedlings in very cold environments. In either instance, the rutabaga seedlings or seeds should be planted in moist, loose soil, and then watered periodically. Like many other root vegetables, the rutabaga can grow woody and bitter if exposed to sunlight while it grows, so make sure that your rutabagas are fully covered and well spaced as they grow.

Raw rutabaga is sometimes chopped and added to salads.
Raw rutabaga is sometimes chopped and added to salads.

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Discussion Comments


I enjoy eating/chewing sliced rutabaga for it is tasty and hydrating. I also enjoy it boiled or in a wok stir-fry.


@coffeluv - That sounds great! I just got some rutabagas in my farmer's market delivery box, and had no idea what to do with them. I think I'll be able to trick my kids into eating rutabaga fries.


I love making rutabaga fries. Peel and slice the rutabaga, drizzle with olive oil and salt, and bake in the oven at 425 for about 10 -12 minutes. I always sprinkle garlic powder on at the end. Very tasty, and way better for you than regular fries.

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