A reading learning disability may affect an individual's ability to read, ability to learn, or ability to both read and learn. Thees disabilities may impact an individual in the sense that they will affect such an individual’s capacity to listen, write, read, reason or speak. Examples of such disabilities include dyslexia, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), aphasia and injuries to the brain.
Dyslexia is more of a reading disability than a learning disability. It affects those individuals who suffer from it by hindering their ability to decipher language components like letters, alphabets and symbols. Dyslexia is squarely centered on the ability of any individual to comprehend written text. People who have dyslexia may have good cognitive and reasoning skills, and the inability to read in no way means that they are intellectually slow.
Dyslexia is a type of reading learning disability that usually begins in the childhood of the individuals who suffer from it. This problem may be mitigated somewhat through repeated practice and other targeted efforts. The reality is that in severe cases of this learning disability, the problem may last for the duration of an individual’s life since the problem has to do with an imbalance in the brain of those who have the condition.
ADD is included as an example of a reading learning disability due to the fact that it affects the ability of an individual to concentrate and learn. This condition causes individuals who have it to be hyperactive to the degree that they find it difficult to settle down for prolonged periods. This deficiency decreases their attention span and as such, impairs their ability to learn.
A brain injury may also be classified as a reading learning disability mainly because traumatic injuries to the head that affect the brain may tamper with the normal functioning of the brain to the point that the individual with some degree of brain damage will not be able to learn or read. Apahsia occurs when something damages the part of the brain that processes language. Many factors can cause this disability, which include a stroke, dementia, a head infection, a brain tumor or a head injury. During a stroke, blood flow to the brain is cut off, and the cells in that part of brain start to die off. This leads to a disability that may impair the ability of the individual to read, comprehend or learn.