The Pekingese, also known as the lion dog or peke, dates back to ancient China. It is considered a toy breed and generally weighs from 8 to 13 pounds (about 3.2 to 5.9 kg). This companion breed has long hair that can range in color, including gold, black, gray and white and is often a mixture of several colors. If it remains in good health, it may live to 15 years or often longer.
A distinctive breed of dog, the Pekingese is brachycephalic in appearance. This means that it generally has a broad or wide head and flat-looking, black nose. Many people recognize this breed of dog by its large, round eyes that are typically black or dark brown in color. Although many dogs have bulging eyes, this may be the onset of illness and should be addressed by a veterinarian. One of the Pekingese’s most distinguishing features is the deep wrinkle that divides the face down the middle.
The Pekingese is generally noted for its full personality. It can be considered bold and even stubborn. This breed has been known to bite, particularly if it is not treated with respect. Generally, if it receives the proper training and socialization, it will not bite, especially if it is treated gently. Although the Pekingese is a small breed of dog, it will usually try to protect its household by barking if it believes someone is intruding.
There are some known health problems that are common to the Pekingese breed. Most of these problems are a result of the construction of its face and nose. For example, many dogs experience problems breathing. As a result, a Pekingese may make snorting or grunting noises, particularly when it is engaged in even the mildest of activity. In addition, the way the dog’s face is constructed makes him susceptible to high temperatures and heat stroke. This breed may also have difficulties birthing puppies because it has a small pelvic region and the puppies often have large heads.
Because of the abundance of long fur on the Pekingese, it can be difficult to groom, particularly if the fur becomes matted or knotted. If it is groomed on a regular basis, this breed of dog can be quite regal in appearance. The easiest way to groom the dog is by separating the fur into sections and then brushing small portions of these sections at a time. The fur should be moist and conditioned when brushing the dog as well.