What is a Learning Disability?

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  • Written By: J. Beam
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 29 September 2019
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A learning disability is any of a number of conditions that make the process of learning difficult because of the way the brain processes information. In most people with a learning disability, it becomes recognizable sometime during the early years of school. A learning disability does affect the way a person learns, but it does not mean he or she cannot learn.

There are numerous types of learning disabilities that may affect speech, reading, writing, memorization, organization of information, and even motor skills. Many people with a learning disability may have difficulty focusing or remembering what they have read or heard. The impact on these areas of learning can make school frustrating for children and can even make work difficult for adults who have not learned to manage a learning disability.

The brain processes information in pieces in different sections and transmits processed information to other parts of the brain. A person with a learning disability has a brain that either processes or transmits information differently than the average, or "normal" brain. Brain function can cause a person with a learning disability to have difficulty processing or transmitting written, verbal, or auditory information in the standard way others are used to.


Public schools estimate that roughly 10% of students have some type of learning disability. In contrast to students whose school performance is poor based on demographics, economics, or cultural influence, a learning disability is not caused by environment, but is a neurobiological disorder. In most places, students who are affected by a learning disability are entitled to certain considerations and rights by law in order to improve their experience in school and receive an equal opportunity for education.

A learning disability is typically diagnosed through a series of cognitive tests administered by a specialist, such as a psychologist, therapist, or other medical professional. Early detection and intervention by parents, medical professionals, and school personnel greatly improve a child's chances of learning success. A person with a learning disability simply learns differently and once their learning abilities and limitations are understood, it is easier for the student and teacher to engage in the learning process.

It can be difficult to identify a learning disability in young children because many parts of their brain are still developing and just beginning to engage in certain processes, but by age 7 or so it becomes easier to detect. If a child is struggling in school because of difficulty concentrating, problems writing, difficulty understanding written material, or similar problems, his or her parents should talk to the child's teachers and pediatrician. These professionals will be able to refer the parent to specialists who can diagnose and work with the child to overcome his or her difficulties.


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Discuss this Article

Post 4

i really didn't take such disabilities as seriously because i thought each one of us has a specific level of understandability and intuition, but from what I've just read i think it has much more to do with this natural aspect bit of it because it can be treated. Andrew, Uganda.

Post 3

I thought the article was a fair treatment of learning disability with one exception. The vast majority of students with learning disabilities are of average or above average intelligence as measured by standard units of measurements. It is has been my experience that the general public perceives otherwise.

Post 2

My adult daughter suffered a severe stroke causing right side paralysis and aphasia. Her paralysis is somewhat better but the speech is very difficult, and some therapists say not much can be done because the brain does not regenerate, but others say that is not so, and one therapist had good results until her insurance comapny said she had had all the treatments she needed. Any thoughts?

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