What is a Home Network Diagram?

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  • Written By: A. Leverkuhn
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 10 August 2019
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A home network diagram is a visualization of a hardware setup that helps households to enjoy Internet access and other services. A network design diagram can help beginners to understand how hardware networks function. These “digital maps” can also provide resources for troubleshooting or upgrading a home network.

A common type of home network is called a LAN or Local Area Network. Other types of networks, including token ring designs, are often used for commercial purposes, where many computers and workstations may be needed to accomplish a wide array of tasks for business. A home network is generally less complicated and easier to maintain, but a home network diagram still has value for those who have to diagnose and maintain their hardware setups.

In a home network, a digital signal is generally delivered through a cable modem or similar tool. That signal can be distributed into a wireless signal using a piece of hardware called a router. As an alternative, network administrators can just plug each computer into the router directly.


In order to keep the home network functioning well, a user may have to diagnose communications between the modem and the router, or between the router and various workstations. Changes in the router signal or other events can knock out Internet access, necessitating some troubleshooting. In these and other situations, a home network can help either the original network installer or a new visitor to learn more about how the hardware system is calibrated and maintained.

The home network diagram will commonly show how each computer or workstation is connected to the central digital signal. It may also include specifications like bandwidth, cabling type, or other details that may be handy in a troubleshooting situation. Lots of popular home network software that comes along with routers will include a home network diagram, usually in the form of a desktop application, where the diagram is digital as opposed to printed on paper. These interactive home network diagrams sometimes include helpful features like password storage and more.

Technical support staff who visit homes can learn a lot through a quick glance at a home network diagram. These design layout guides are a good reference tool for anyone dealing with a residential hardware system involving multiple computers or workstations. It’s a good idea to keep one of these on hand, especially if there will be more than one person involved in maintaining a particular home network.


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