What is a Firecracker Plant?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Several plants enjoy the common name of “firecracker plant,” but this name is most commonly used in reference to Russelia equisetiformis, a Mexican native grown in tropical to subtropical regions all over the world. This plant is named for the colorful waterfall of foliage and flowers that do indeed superficially resemble an exploding firecracker. Nurseries may carry firecracker plant seedlings and it is also possible to grow them from seeds, which may be obtained through gardening exchanges and catalogs.

Firecracker plants attract butterflies.
Firecracker plants attract butterflies.

The firecracker plant produces long, trailing, wiry stems and foliage, topped with tubular red flowers. The plants will bloom through the summer and into the fall in a favorable climate, and while they die back slightly during the winter, they return in spring. Firecracker plants are excellent bedding and specimen plants, and they can also be grown in containers. The drooping foliage can make them very attractive for hanging containers.

Watching fireworks is a popular way to celebrate the Fourth of July.
Watching fireworks is a popular way to celebrate the Fourth of July.

Also known as fountain plant or coral plant, firecracker plant is very frost tender, and grows best between United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) zones nine through 11. Outside this range, it may be possible to cultivate the shrub as an annual, although it will not have a chance to get very large before it dies off from the cold. Another option is to grow the plant in a container indoors or in a sheltered area during the winter, and to bring it out during the summer months.

Full sun, well-drained soil, and neutral pH are recommended for growing conditions. While the firecracker plant is drought tolerant and can cope with dry climates, it prefers to be watered deeply on a relatively regular basis. Watering should be done in the morning or evening to avoid damaging the plant and losing water to evaporation during the heat of the day. Because these plants tend to attract butterflies, bees, birds, and other visitors, people may want to position them in an area where they can be readily seen, to make wildlife easier to spot.

Over time, a firecracker plant can develop a leggy appearance and a balding spot in the middle of the plant. Pruning will help the plant retain a more compact, aesthetically pleasing shape. The plants will also reseed themselves, allowing gardeners to slowly replace older plants with younger, healthier, more compact plants. Good companion plantings include larger shrubs and trees as background plantings to offset the dramatic foliage and flowers.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments


@sobeit - There are so many to choose from, but stick with the native plants in your area. A few perennials I have had success with are pineland lantana, sea lavender, Florida phlox and milkweed -- monarch butterflies love milkweed!

I love the look of rich, lush ferns and all the flowers blooming. Good luck!


I've been looking for more plants to use in a butterfly garden! This is great, I didn't realize this plant was a good one for zone 10.

Does anyone know of other perennial plants to use in a butterfly garden this far south?


The firecracker plant is definitely one you want to place carefully in a garden. It's a tropical plant that grows pretty large, one of mine is about 3 feet tall. It spreads like wildfire, too. I have to keep pulling up the volunteers and replacing them in appropriate spaces. They are beautiful, though.

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