What is a Credit Model Risk?

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  • Written By: Osmand Vitez
  • Edited By: Kristen Osborne
  • Last Modified Date: 17 August 2019
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Credit model risk is a risk management tool. Banks and other financial services companies commonly use credit models to review various types of financial instruments. Risk management helps companies measure the stability of their investments. Banks and financial institutions can also provide credit model risk services to companies in the business environment. These services allow companies to diversify investments and attempt to limit the amount of risk in their business operations. Several risk management techniques are available through this function of risk management.

Risk management procedures often use models to quantify and manage various types of risk. Credit model risk uses performance-based evaluations, customer profitability analysis, risk-based pricing and capital structure analysis. Businesses use credit risk analysis to measure risk because credit plays such a vital role in the business environment. Very few industries or sectors in business require little or no credit. Financial models allow companies create a historical record relating to their risk management analysis. Business owners, directors and managers often refer to historical models to determine whether their credit risk has increased or decreased. Credit model risk analysis primarily focuses on internal risk management procedures.


Performance-based evaluations allow companies to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of each division or department in the company. Large business organizations often have several divisions or departments that use credit to finance their operations. The use of individual credit model risk analysis can help business owners and directors measure the amount of risk in each division or department. Companies can face increased credit risk if one division or department significantly increases the amount of credit to finance their operations.

Customer profitability analysis usually relates to an internal analysis of a bank or financial services company. These businesses review each customer account to determine the company’s profit. Individual customer accounts can also increase a company’s credit risk. Customer accounts that continually increase participation in high-risk investments can create dangerous situations for the bank or financial institution. Companies use credit model risk to analyze the risk associated with individual and groups of customer accounts.

Risk-based pricing is another internal analysis tool used by financial services companies. These pricing techniques evaluate individual and business loans based on the employment and credit of borrowers. Fees, interest rates, and other loan information can play an important part when companies make decisions to loan money in the business environment.

Businesses use credit model risk to measure their capital structure. Capital structure represents the amount of debt and equity financing a company uses to pay for business operations. Companies that use too much external financing can greatly increase their credit risk. Credit model risk allows businesses to calculate how much credit they can absorb through bank loans or private investments.


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