What is a Cleanser?

Malcolm Tatum
Malcolm Tatum

In the broadest application, cleansers are any type of cleaning agent that is used to remove a buildup of dirt, grime, or oil from a surface. However, when most people think of a cleanser, they tend to focus on cleansing agents that are designed to aid in personal hygiene. This would include products used for removing makeup, washing the hair and body, or cleaning the teeth or nails.

Plastic bottles of shampoo, a type of cleanser.
Plastic bottles of shampoo, a type of cleanser.

Basic hygiene involves the use of several different types of cleansers. Soap and shampoo are easily the most common examples. The soap may be in the form of a traditional bar, or the cleanser may be in a liquid form that quickly interacts with water to form a thick lather that is capable of removing dirt and grime from the skin. Shampoo is a liquid cleanser that is applied directly to wet hair, produces a lather, and gently strips away the buildup of oil and grime that tends to collect on hair follicles and the scalp.

Facial cleansers often come in liquid form.
Facial cleansers often come in liquid form.

There are also specialty cleansers that are designed to address specific hygiene issues. Acne cleansers are used to help remove oil and other impurities from the pores of the skin, making it possible to reduce the appearance of acne, blackheads, and other skin problems that are the result of clogged pores. A cleansing agent of this type is usually applied after washing the face with soap and water, and is capable of capturing oil and grime that soap tends to leave behind.

Some cleansers are specifically designed to treat acne.
Some cleansers are specifically designed to treat acne.

Another form of facial cleaner is make-up removal products. These range from simple products like baby oil to make-up removers that are manufactured using a proprietary cleanser formula. These products are used to remove make-up from the skin, allowing the pores to breathe and complete cleansing of the face to occur. Generally, make-up removers are used before soap and water is applied to the face.

Facial cleansers are available for specific skin conditions.
Facial cleansers are available for specific skin conditions.

There are also cleanser products that are formulated for specific types of applications. Actors and actresses often make use of cleansers that are formulated to not only cut through make-up, but also to free the skin from any residue of spirit gum or other products used to create a specific look for a role. In like manner, mimes will use some type of cleanser that is formulated to remove the heavier make-up that is applied before a performance. Others may use cleansers that function as both a cleanser and a toner in order to achieve a more youthful appearance.

Many types of cleansing products are available at retail outlets like supermarkets and discount retail stores. Natural cleansing agents are often sold at health food and vitamin shops, while prescription cleansers are available at most pharmacies. The cost of different cleanser products will vary, based on the ingredients used in the formula. However, a less expensive cleanser is not necessarily inferior; many people find that budget cleansers work just as well as their more expensive counterparts.

Face cleansers are typically applied after washing the face.
Face cleansers are typically applied after washing the face.
Malcolm Tatum
Malcolm Tatum

After many years in the teleconferencing industry, Michael decided to embrace his passion for trivia, research, and writing by becoming a full-time freelance writer. Since then, he has contributed articles to a variety of print and online publications, including wiseGEEK, and his work has also appeared in poetry collections, devotional anthologies, and several newspapers. Malcolm’s other interests include collecting vinyl records, minor league baseball, and cycling.

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Discussion Comments

Handycell

So I was recently diagnosed with an allergy to Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), and since then I’ve realized that it’s in every cleanser in the drugstore! I can’t believe all the things it’s in. It’s in my toothpaste, my shampoos and conditioners, and my soaps! I had to throw everything out, but I’m finding it near impossible to find anything that doesn't have this ingredient in it. I’ve even tried some health food stores in my area and the only luck I’ve found is with a facial cleanser. Any recommendations from fellow sufferers on what brands are SLS free? My skin is going crazy!

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