What Is a Business Object Model?

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  • Written By: C. Daw
  • Edited By: O. Wallace
  • Last Modified Date: 24 September 2019
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The business object model defines all of the business relations, attributes, and versatile business objects and parts. This model covers all of the necessary details regarding the business aspects of costs, management, services and various other activities of an organization. The business object model depicts the relationships and economic outcomes of a business entity. It predicts the structural hierarchy and interconnection of different entities of a business corporation such as the inter-relation of the employees and the management authorities. It includes the diagrams and visual aids that present the steps and the procedures that should be followed by the employees, and management, to achieve certain goals and milestones.

It depicts the duties and responsibilities of each and every business team member to show the aspects, and the other related details, as overview for their performance and work flow. It can simply be described as a detailed description of different objects and their related information. It is a summary of the overall needs and requirements of the specific area, or the overall business progress. Moreover, it includes the most relevant, needed and other inter-related aspects about the current and future business prospects. The style and formation of the object model and the use of the language is simple, even making the non-management employees able to easily understand the business object model without any specific training.


The business object model is based on facts, rather than a description of the imaginative world objects and business relations. It focuses on the most desired and optimal details of the business procedures. It presents information that is free from advanced data manipulation and uses of technological representations. The model can be thought of as an overall summary describing the various future plans and management aspects, with the understanding of the basic concepts and terminologies. But after that it can also be used as the detailed business plan.

The model can be documented in two ways generally; an entity relationship diagram and supporting text. The business object model describes the number of different entities in the business, also including entity hierarchies, associative entities, simple and complex relationships, multi-member relationship links, relationship roles and attributes. The entity hierarchies present the structure of a business and the relationships describe the inter-connection between the different entities. Multi-member relationships describe the multiple participation of the entities in the business and the relationship roles are the depiction the roles being played by different entities. There are other important components as well, which jointly makes a business object model.


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