What does an Urology Specialist do?

N. Madison
N. Madison

A urology specialist is a surgeon who specializes in treating disorders and diseases that affect female and male urinary tracts and the male reproductive system. A surgeon who specializes in urology may treat patients who have conditions that affect such organs as the bladder and kidneys. He may also assist patients who have prostate gland conditions or male infertility.

A urology specialist may assist patients who have prostate gland or male infertility issues.
A urology specialist may assist patients who have prostate gland or male infertility issues.

There are many types of conditions that a urology specialist may treat. Among them are urinary incontinence and bladder cancer. A person in this field may also treat individuals with either kidney or bladder stones, testicular cancer, enlarged prostate glands, or impotence. This type of surgeon typically treats urinary tract infections in both sexes as well.

Kidney stones are a common problem treated by a urologist.
Kidney stones are a common problem treated by a urologist.

A urology specialist may work in a hospital or other type of medical care facility. Sometimes these surgeons decide to open their own practices instead. No matter where he works, however, this type of specialist typically consults with other doctors to provide optimal care for his patients. He may, for example, consult with a patient’s primary care doctor or oncologist to ensure the success of his patient’s treatment.

A urology specialist would be able to treat an enlarged prostate.
A urology specialist would be able to treat an enlarged prostate.

There are sub-specialties a urology specialist may opt to pursue. For example, he may decide to become a pediatric urologist, working only with children. Another urology specialist may focus on urologic oncology, working with cancer patients. Some may prefer to concentrate on female urology, dealing only with disorders of the female urinary tract while others specialize in performing kidney transplants.

Urologists are qualified to perform surgery, but they do not specialize in surgery.
Urologists are qualified to perform surgery, but they do not specialize in surgery.

Sometimes a urology specialist decides to work only with male patients, treating men with urinary infections or obstructions and prostate gland disorders. He may deal with matters related to sexual dysfunction or infertility as well. A specialist who treats men may also perform vasectomies, rendering male patients incapable of fathering children.

A urologist can treat kidney problems.
A urologist can treat kidney problems.

Though urology specialists are qualified to perform surgery, this doesn’t mean they are limited to it. A person in this field also diagnoses conditions and may provide medicinal treatment in addition to or instead of surgical care. He may also use a range of special equipment, such as catheters and diathermy machines, devices that heat bodily tissues, when treating his patients.

A urology specialist may be able to help someone experiencing impotence.
A urology specialist may be able to help someone experiencing impotence.

A person who pursues this career usually has many years of education ahead of him. He must complete high school and then attend college, earning a bachelor’s degree after four years of study. Following college, an aspiring urology specialist goes on to complete four years of medical school. Once all of this education is complete, an aspiring urology specialist then has five or more years of residency training ahead of him before he can become a urology specialist.

A urologist may choose to specialize in treating conditions related to the female urinary tract.
A urologist may choose to specialize in treating conditions related to the female urinary tract.
Bladder stones are often treated by a urology specialist.
Bladder stones are often treated by a urology specialist.
N. Madison
N. Madison

Nicole’s thirst for knowledge inspired her to become a wiseGEEK writer, and she focuses primarily on topics such as homeschooling, parenting, health, science, and business. When not writing or spending time with her four children, Nicole enjoys reading, camping, and going to the beach.

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