An HVAC technician is a professional that labors in the field of heating, ventilation, air conditioning service and support. He or she can install and repair systems, as well as maintain them. He or she may work as an independent contractor or be employed by a company that specializes in climate control solutions for businesses and residential properties.
When an HVAC technician is associated with the installation of a new system, he or she will be proficient in reading blueprints connected to the installation, and will participate in the preparation of the space for the installation of the required equipment. This may also include ductwork construction and installation as well as the main components for the system. The HVAC technician will be responsible for making sure the installation is conducted in compliance with local regulations, and that the unit will provide efficient heating and air conditioning for the space.
For HVAC technicians focused on maintaining existing systems, the focus is on inspecting each component in the system. This will include making sure that each portion of the overall system is still functioning within acceptable levels of efficiency. If a component is found to be wearing out or in danger of breaking down, the technician will engage in repairs to the unit that will correct the situation. An HVAC technician will also check for ventilation efficiency of the system and make adjustments if necessary.
Any person can become an HVAC technician through study at trade and technical schools, as well as some junior colleges. Programs generally take two years to complete, and may also include an apprenticeship with a certified HVAC provider. Generally, an apprenticeship may last from two to four years, and may be conducted concurrently with the formal education process. Upon completion of the formal study, additional testing is administered before certification is awarded.