An electrical fitter plans, installs, and maintains wiring at levels from private homes to power stations. People must undergo training before starting careers in electrical fitting. Depending on the nation, this may involve an apprenticeship for a period of up to four years, followed by a certification exam to confirm competency with electrical wiring and related matters. Rates of pay depend on where the person works and whether she has any special certifications.
Working as an electrical fitter requires a knowledge of electrical systems and circuits of varying sizes, as well as understanding the electrical code in a given region. A fitter can assess a current system to see if it meets standards and if there are any safety or efficiency concerns, as well as developing a new installation from the ground up. Electrical fitters can work as freelancers or under larger companies, and may have access to some employment benefits like pensions.
Some electrical fitters offer full-time support and maintenance in environments where electrical systems are key and need to be kept in good working order. The military uses electricians for maintaining its systems, and people can also work on factory floors and in other environments where complex electrical equipment is in regular use. Others may work for contracting companies that send workers out to various jobs by request from customers.
Being an electrical fitter can require tolerance for cramped, dirty, and dusty environments. People may need to crawl under floors or rooflines, and could need to work in maintenance shafts and other tight spaces. The work also requires comfort with electricity, as well as good observational skills and attention to detail. The electrical fitter needs to be able to spot a problem with an electrical system quickly, and to identify any errors during installation, such as failing to tighten a wire, before they become a problem.
Technical schools and trade colleges can provide training for people interested in careers in this field, along with internship and job placement in the industry. People may want to consider pursuing special electrical fitter certification, like advanced training in marine electrical systems or the needs of secure environments. This can provide people with more job opportunities, as well as higher wages, because these special skills can be in high demand. People who receive electrical fitter training in the military can often find employment in the civilian world, particularly with contractors who need fitters with classified clearance to work in restricted areas.