What does a Geological Technician do?

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  • Written By: Donn Saylor
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 12 December 2019
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A geological technician's main job is to perform testing and analysis on rock, soil, and petroleum samples. This research is conducted so that oil companies can establish concrete possibilities for further production and examination. The geological technician's findings also serve as a quality control exercise, guaranteeing that an oil company's standards are met.

The geology technician works closely with geologists and scientists in both a laboratory setting and in the field. In addition to gathering and testing samples, geological technician jobs typically require carrying out research into historical data regarding oil drilling, oil well construction, and geological changes. To further investigate these research areas, a technician may be required to organize field trips, surveys, and exploratory drilling.

This position is a highly technical one. Geological and petroleum technicians must use a variety of computer applications, many of them specifically designed to effectively analyze samples using geological, petrophysical, and engineering data. Computerized design and drafting programs are utilized for the creation of images, sketches, and cross sections.

Geology technician jobs involve meticulous record-keeping and database management as well. The technician takes notes and maintains records of testing sites, well locations, and possible areas for future well construction and drilling. Map-making responsibilities may also fall to the geological technician.


Whether in the lab or in the field, geological technicians typically are responsible for the assembling, operation, and regular maintenance of testing equipment. Technicians may work independently or as part of a crew, according to the demands of the research being conducted. They utilize scientific reasoning and mechanical know-how to properly harvest samples and spearhead drilling initiatives. Geological technicians also must have an aptitude for numbers, figures, and statistics. Those in this position possess exceptional problem-solving skills and know how to tackle an issue with reason and logic.

Supervisory duties are often undertaken by a geological technician as well. They serve as overseers during well explorations, well building, and experimental drilling expeditions. A technician ensures company policies are being followed, environmental laws are honored, and safety precautions are taken.

A geology technician also may perform routine clerical responsibilities. They prepare official reports, complete necessary forms and other formalities, and may be required to execute transcription or stenographic duties. A technician must also organize and keep track of all job-related papers, which involves classifying, sorting, and filing a large amount of paperwork.

Anticipating consumer demand is a key aspect of a geological technician's job. By analyzing customer needs and customer service surveys, a technician helps determine the direction an oil company's research will take. The technician uses data gleaned from customer communications to enhance the company's reputation and offer the services that best serve the public.


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