What do Neurology Physicians do?

P.S. Jones

Neurology physicians are medical professionals who are trained to investigate, diagnose, and treat neurological disorders. Neurology physicians may also be called neurologists. They may treat any number of conditions, including traumatic brain injuries, cerebral palsy, and speech or language disorders. Neurology physicians also see those with movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome. Those suffering from epileptic seizures, comas, or chronic migraines may also seek out these medical professionals.

Med school graduates must complete a residency.
Med school graduates must complete a residency.

Neurology physicians will work with most neurological disorders. Neurological disorders affect the central nervous system, or the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is in charge of coordinating the activities of all the body parts, and consists of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system extends beyond the central nervous system, and receives external stimuli, responding to danger and stress.

Neurology physicians often work with patients who have Alzheimer's disease or another type of dementia.
Neurology physicians often work with patients who have Alzheimer's disease or another type of dementia.

Becoming a neurology physician requires about twelve years of education and clinical training. First, a four-year undergraduate degree must be obtained, and then a medical degree from an accredited medical school. After graduating medical school, the neurologist candidate will then complete four years of medical residency, learning his future professional in a hands-on work environment. The first year of residency is in internal medicine, and the last three years focus on neurology. Some neurology physicians even go on to fellowships, one or two years of even more specialized training in areas such as behavioral neurology, neurorehabilitation, or neuroimmunology.

Neurologists often see patients who are suffering from chronic migraines.
Neurologists often see patients who are suffering from chronic migraines.

The neurology physician should not be confused with the neurosurgeon. Neurosurgeons perform surgical procedures. While neurologists don’t perform any invasive procedures, they are the ones who diagnosis neurological conditions and come up with a course of treatment for that condition, which in some cases may include surgery. Neurosurgeons are generally brought in to consult when other noninvasive options have been exhausted.

Neurology is a medical specialty that focuses on conditions of the brain and other parts of the human nervous system.
Neurology is a medical specialty that focuses on conditions of the brain and other parts of the human nervous system.

The work of a neurology physician overlaps with that of the psychiatrist. Both treat brain disorders, yet the neurologist works with the physical science of the brain. Conversely, the psychiatrist works with the emotional, or mental science behind the disorder. Some conditions where a patient may be treated by a neurologist and psychiatrist working toward the same goal are amnesia, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Patients suffering from amnesia may be treated by both neurologists and psychiatrists.
Patients suffering from amnesia may be treated by both neurologists and psychiatrists.
While neurologists do not perform surgery, they typically diagnose conditions of the brain.
While neurologists do not perform surgery, they typically diagnose conditions of the brain.
Symptoms of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome may include repetitive blinking of the eyes.
Symptoms of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome may include repetitive blinking of the eyes.
Neurosurgeons may be brought in to consult when other noninvasive options have been exhausted.
Neurosurgeons may be brought in to consult when other noninvasive options have been exhausted.
Most psychiatry residents also complete internships in both internal medicine and neurology.
Most psychiatry residents also complete internships in both internal medicine and neurology.

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Discussion Comments

anon991757

My father had brain surgery one year back, but he is suffering with an anxious mind. We do not know what to do.

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