What Are the Uses of Miconazole Oral Gel?

Drue Tibbits

Miconazole oral gel is a medication that kills fungi. It is used to treat fungal and yeast infections in several areas of the body. The gel has slight antibiotic properties and works to eliminate some opportunistic bacterial infections that occur in conjunction with fungi. This treatment is most commonly used for oral candidiasis and has few side effects.

Miconazole oral gel can be effective against a type of fungus known as oral thrush.
Miconazole oral gel can be effective against a type of fungus known as oral thrush.

This medicine works by causing holes to develop in the fungal cell membrane. The cell contents then leach from the holes, causing the fungi to die. This mechanism works both when the medicine is applied topically and when it is taken internally. Miconazole has a very low toxicity and can be used on adults and children, including infants as young as four months of age.

Miconazole oral gel may be used to clean a set of dentures.
Miconazole oral gel may be used to clean a set of dentures.

The gel is applied topically in the mouth to treat oral fungal infections. Treatment usually requires several applications daily, continuing for at least two days after symptoms are gone. Miconazole oral gel is effective against one of the most common oral fungi, candidiasis. Oral candidiasis, or oral thrush, can also cause angular cheilitis — cracks or redness that develop at the corners of the mouth. This condition can also be treated with topical applications of miconazole.

A doctor should be notified if you experience significant discomfort while taking miconazole oral gel.
A doctor should be notified if you experience significant discomfort while taking miconazole oral gel.

Fungal infections sometimes occur internally in the throat, stomach, or intestines. Miconazole oral gel is taken internally to treat these types of fungal infections. The gel, once applied in the mouth, is absorbed through the mucus membranes and travels throughout the bloodstream. It also reaches internal fungal infections by being swallowed after application in the mouth.

Doctors often prescribe miconazole gel to treat oral fungal infections.
Doctors often prescribe miconazole gel to treat oral fungal infections.

Dentures can harbor colonies of oral candidiasis. Patients with oral thrush who also wear dentures should treat the dentures concurrently with their mouths. Miconazole oral gel can be applied to the dentures with a toothbrush or by using a clean finger to rub the medicine onto the orthodontics. The dentures should be removed prior to application of the gel.

Miconazole oral gel may be used on children.
Miconazole oral gel may be used on children.

Miconazole has few side effects, and most lessen with repeated use. Patients should contact their doctors if they experience any significant discomfort or unusual symptoms while using this medicine. Allergic reactions, including difficulty breathing, impaired swallowing, or hives, are among the most serious side effects.

Miconazole oral gel can be applied using a toothbrush.
Miconazole oral gel can be applied using a toothbrush.

This medication may cause adverse reactions when taken with certain other medicines. Patients should inform their doctors of all medicines they are taking, both prescription and over the counter. In particular, patients taking certain cholesterol-lowering medications, ergotamine, or triazolam should not use miconazole without discussing the risks with their doctors.

Impaired swallowing may be a sign of an allergic reaction.
Impaired swallowing may be a sign of an allergic reaction.

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