An allergic reaction to avocado can take on two different forms. The first is known as a birch pollen allergy, and the second involves an allergy to latex products. Some of the most commonly reported symptoms include skin reactions, swelling, and digestive disturbances. In the most severe cases, a potentially fatal type of allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis may develop.
A birch pollen allergy is the most common form of allergic reaction to avocado. This type of allergy typically causes local reactions and does not spread throughout the body. Common symptoms include redness, irritation, or swelling around the mouth or other parts of the body that have come into contact with a product containing avocado. These symptoms typically develop within a few minutes of contact and usually go away soon thereafter without any particular medical treatment, depending upon the severity of the allergy.
The second type of allergic reaction is related to a latex allergy and is much more severe. Severe skin reactions such as hives or eczema may occur among those with this type of allergy. Abdominal cramping and other gastrointestinal disturbances may also develop. Foods such as kiwi, bananas, and melons are related to the avocado and should be avoided by those with this type of allergy.
Anaphylaxis is the most severe type of allergic reaction to avocado and can prove to be fatal within a matter of minutes if emergency medical assistance is not obtained. Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include chest pain, facial swelling, and difficulty breathing. Those who suffer from this type of reaction may require oxygen therapy or other life-support measures in a hospital setting. A special type of injectible medication known as epinephrine is usually prescribed for those who have had an anaphylactic reaction and is designed to be carried by the patient at all times in the event of a recurrence. Since may people may not be able to immediately discern the difference between a mild and severe allergic reaction, it is best for individuals to talk to a medical professional if any potential allergic symptoms develop.