Though the disease may not cause any recognizable signs at first, there are numerous unpleasant chronic kidney disease symptoms that will typically develop as it worsens. Many people notice issues or changes in their urination, and they may tend to have fluid retention, or edema, which causes swelling in tissues. Fatigue is common, though patients also often have trouble sleeping. Some people lose their appetites, while others may tend to feel nauseated. Other issues can include itchy or bruised skin, headaches, and trouble thinking clearly.
One of the chronic kidney disease symptoms that affects many patients is a change in how they urinate. Some people may feel the need to urinate more frequently, particularly at night, while others may have to go less often than usual. The urine may be lighter or darker than normal, and sometimes there is blood in it. There may also be feelings of discomfort or pressure while urinating.
Another of the common symptoms of chronic kidney disease is edema. As the kidneys become less able to remove excess fluid from the body, the fluid starts to build up in the body's tissues. This can lead to swelling in many areas, including the hands, face, and legs or feet. Some people may also feel short of breath if fluid starts to accumulate in their lungs.
Many patients complain of fatigue as one of their chronic kidney disease symptoms. They will often feel exhausted, with no energy for everyday tasks. They may also feel very sleepy, though in some patients the problem is exacerbated because they find that their sleep is disturbed and they have a hard time getting enough rest.
Chronic kidney disease can also have a negative impact on a person's eating. It is not uncommon for patients to lose their appetite, which may lead to weight loss. Some notice that foods taste different, or they have an ongoing bad taste in their mouth. Many people tend to feel nauseated or even vomit as well.
There are several other chronic kidney disease symptoms that patients may also have. Headaches are often a problem for those with the disease. Many get anemia, which can make them feel dizzy or have trouble concentrating as less oxygen gets to their brains; it can also make people feel chronically cold or look pale. These patients also often feel itchy and may get a rash on their skin. Some may have pain in their side or lower back as well.