What are the Most Common Causes of Heartburn and Dizziness?

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  • Written By: Daphne Mallory
  • Edited By: Melissa Wiley
  • Last Modified Date: 05 November 2019
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Some of the common causes of heartburn and dizziness share similar symptoms. Heart attacks, peptic ulcers, and panic disorders are the most common causes, and many of their symptoms overlap. A heart attack is the most serious of all the common causes and requires immediate medical attention because failure to do so could lead to death. Peptic ulcers may require medical attention, depending on how severe the associated pain is. Panic disorders can last a few minutes and rarely require medical attention unless the condition becomes chronic.

Heart attacks can occur through failure of enough oxygen reaching the blood vessels in the heart muscle, preventing it from functioning. A number of risk factors contribute to the probability of a heart attack, such as smoking, high blood pressure, and family history. Some of the symptoms often include irregular heartbeats, heartburn, and dizziness. The symptoms often progress and remain for 30 minutes or longer. Individuals who suspect that they are having a heart attack must call for emergency medical assistance to prevent heart failure and death.


Painful ulcers in the stomach lining or in the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine, are peptic ulcers. If the lining in the stomach stops working, an ulcer forms, which is inflammation. It is often caused by a bacterial infection or aspirin intake. Frequent alcohol drinking can often lead to peptic ulcers as well. Some other symptoms besides heartburn and dizziness include a burning pain in the upper stomach and bloating.

An episode of intense fear that disrupts daily life is descriptive of a panic attack, which is an anxiety disorder. Individuals often experience heartburn and dizziness during the onset of one, and the attacks can occur periodically. Other symptoms may include a feeling of choking, a shortness of breath sensation, and nausea. A panic disorder is often confused with a heart attack at first, because the symptoms feel similar. Medical professionals can rule out that possibility, as well as other disorders that might be present in the body.

There are several treatments available for these common causes of heartburn and dizziness. For heart attacks, some doctors may perform an angioplasty, which is the opening of the arteries. In other cases, doctors may place a stent in the artery to prevent it from closing up again, and many individuals are given medications to prevent blood clots. Medications to kill off bacteria are often prescribed to patients with peptic ulcers, as well as proton pump medications to reduce high acid levels. Some individuals choose to use antidepressants to treat panic disorders, while others learn how to overcome their fear and anxiety.


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